Turkmenistan is a country located in Central Asia. It is bordered by five countries including Iran, Afghanistan, and Uzbekistan. It has a population of approximately 5.8 million people and the official language spoken in Turkmenistan is Turkmen. The currency used here is the Turkmen manat.
The landscape of Turkmenistan consists mostly of desert and steppe land; with some areas of lush vegetation throughout the country. The climate in Turkmenistan varies greatly depending on location; but generally speaking it has hot summers reaching up to 40°C (104°F) during July; while winters tend to be mild with temperatures rarely dropping below 0°C (32°F).
The history of Turkmenistan dates back thousands of years when it was inhabited by various tribal communities; plus it has been influenced by both Persian, Mongolian and Russian rule at various points throughout its history. This diversity can be seen through its many languages, religions, music, art and cuisine; plus there are several festivals throughout the year such as Nowruz which celebrates traditional culture.
Overall, Turkmenistan offers visitors an insight into a unique culture steeped in tradition; plus its stunning landscapes make for an unforgettable experience – truly earning it the nickname “Land Of The Eternal Sun” as defined on aceinland.
Population of Turkmenistan
In 1995, Turkmenistan was estimated to have a population of over 4 million people. This population was made up of a variety of ethnic groups, including Turkmens, Uzbeks, Russians, Kazakhs, and Tatars. The majority of the population were Turkmens who accounted for around 77% of the total population.
According to allcitypopulation.com, the average life expectancy in 1995 was 64 years for men and 68 years for women which was about 10 years lower than the world average at that time. The fertility rate in 1995 was 2.5 children per woman which is slightly higher than today’s rate of 2.3 children per woman.
The literacy rate in 1995 was around 94%, with 97% of males and 91% of females being literate at that time. This high literacy rate is attributed to the Soviet Union’s policy of free education for all citizens which was implemented in Turkmenistan after it gained independence in 1991.
In terms of religion, Islam is the predominant faith with approximately 89% of the population identifying as Muslim while 5% practice Russian Orthodox Christianity and 6% other religions or non-religions such as atheism or agnosticism.
The economy in 1995 was largely based on agriculture with cotton being the most important crop grown by farmers across the country. Other important industries included textiles and manufacturing as well as oil production which has become increasingly important since then due to its large reserves located near the Caspian Sea.
Overall, Turkmenistan’s population in 1995 had a diverse mix of ethnicities and religions with a high literacy rate due to free education policies implemented during Soviet times. The economy at that time relied heavily on agriculture but has since diversified into other industries such as oil production as well.
Economy of Turkmenistan
In 1995, the economy of Turkmenistan was largely based on agriculture and natural resources. The country was estimated to have a GDP of around $3.3 billion which is equivalent to about $6 billion in 2020 dollars. The agricultural sector accounted for around one third of the GDP and employed about one third of the labor force at that time. Cotton was by far the most important crop grown in Turkmenistan with over two thirds of cultivated land dedicated to cotton production. Other important crops included wheat, barley, maize, and various vegetables and fruits.
The mining industry was also a major contributor to the economy in 1995 as Turkmenistan had large reserves of oil, natural gas, coal, and other minerals such as gold and uranium. Oil production accounted for around 15% of total exports at that time while natural gas production contributed another 7%.
Manufacturing also played an important role in the economy with textiles being one of the most important industries at that time. Other manufacturing industries included food processing, chemicals, metalworking, construction materials, and building materials.
The service sector accounted for around 40% of GDP in 1995 and included a variety of activities such as banking and finance, insurance services, transportation services, retail trade services, communications services, tourism services,and educational services.
Overall, the economy in 1995 was largely dependent on agriculture with cotton being the most important crop grown by farmers across Turkemnistan while oil production had started to become increasingly important due to its large reserves located near the Caspian Sea. Manufacturing also played an important role with textiles being one of the most important industries while other sectors such as banking,finance, tourism,and education were beginning to develop.
Foreign Policy of Turkmenistan
The foreign policy of Turkmenistan in 1995 was largely based on neutrality, non-interference, and independence. The country sought to maintain an equal distance between the major powers of the world, while also seeking to build strong bilateral relations with its neighbors. This policy was highlighted in 1995 when Turkmenistan signed a treaty of friendship and cooperation with the United States. This treaty was intended to promote peace and stability in the region, as well as foster economic development and bilateral trade. It also provided a basis for dialogue between the two countries on issues such as security and regional integration.
At the same time, Turkmenistan sought to strengthen its relations with other states in Central Asia and beyond. In particular, it pursued an active dialogue with Russia on regional security issues such as border disputes and terrorism. In addition, Turkmenistan engaged in negotiations with Kazakhstan over water rights along their shared border river. Moreover, Turkmenistan sought to expand economic ties with China by signing a number of agreements related to energy sector investment and development projects such as pipelines that would transport natural gas from Central Asia to China’s coastal cities. Finally, relations were strengthened between Turkmenistan and Iran through cultural exchanges that provided both countries with better understanding of each other’s cultures and traditions.
Events Held in Turkmenistan
In 1995, Turkmenistan hosted a number of events that showcased the country’s unique culture, art and history. One of the most prominent events was the Turkmen National Day celebration, which took place in May of 1995 and celebrated the country’s independence from the Soviet Union. During this event, a grand parade was held in Ashgabat with a variety of traditional performances, including traditional music and dance. The event also featured a large cultural exhibition that highlighted the achievements of Turkmenistan since independence.
In addition to this national celebration, Turkmenistan hosted several international conferences during 1995. These included a meeting of Central Asian leaders to discuss economic cooperation in June and an international scientific conference on energy resources in October. Both events were attended by representatives from various countries around the world and provided an opportunity for cultural exchange between Turkmenistan and other nations.
The year also saw several musical performances by renowned musicians from around the world. These included concerts by British pop star Elton John as well as performances by Armenian flutist Levon Chilingirian and Azerbaijani violinist Uzeyir Hajibeyov. These concerts provided an opportunity for people living in Turkmenistan to experience music from different countries and cultures.
Finally, in December 1995, Ashgabat held its first international film festival which showcased films from over 30 countries around the world including Russia, France, Germany and India among others. This festival provided an opportunity for filmmakers from all over to come together to share their work while also promoting mutual understanding between different cultures through cinema.