Tanzania is a country located in East Africa, bordered by Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Zambia, Malawi and Mozambique. Its capital city is Dodoma and the population is estimated to be around 59 million people. The official language of Tanzania is Swahili; although English and Arabic are also widely spoken. The currency used in Tanzania is the Tanzanian Shilling.
The landscape of Tanzania consists mostly of highlands and savannahs; with some mountains in the northeast part of the country. The climate here varies greatly depending on location; but generally speaking it has hot summers reaching up to 30°C (86°F) during July and August; while winters tend to be mild with temperatures rarely dropping below 15°C (59°F).
The history of Tanzania dates back thousands of years when it was inhabited by various Bantu tribes; plus it has been influenced by both British and German rule at various points throughout its history. This diversity can be seen through its many languages, religions, music, art and cuisine; plus there are several festivals throughout the year such as Zanzibar International Film Festival which celebrates traditional culture.
Overall, Tanzania offers visitors an insight into a unique culture steeped in tradition; plus its stunning landscapes make for an unforgettable experience – truly earning it the nickname “The Land Of Kilimanjaro” as defined on aceinland.
Population of Tanzania
In 1995, Tanzania’s population was estimated to be around 28 million people. This figure represented a significant increase compared to the population of 22 million in 1985. The majority of the population was comprised of Bantu-speaking people, with smaller groups including Nilotic and Cushitic peoples.
According to watchtutorials.org, the country’s population was concentrated in the northern and central regions, while the coastal area and western part of the country had much lower levels of population density. The average household size in 1995 was 4.7 people, with most households being nuclear families composed of two adults and their children.
In terms of religion, Tanzania is a predominantly Christian country with 65% identifying as either Catholic or Protestant. Muslims accounted for 32% of the population in 1995, while other religions such as Hinduism and Buddhism made up a very small fraction of the population at that time.
Tanzania is an ethnically diverse nation with more than 120 different ethnic groups living within its borders in 1995. The largest ethnic group was the Sukuma (16%), followed by the Nyamwezi (12%), Haya (9%) and Chaga (8%). Other major ethnic groups included Iraqw, Hehe, Nyakyusa and Pare among others.
The Tanzanian economy during this period was largely agrarian with most people relying on subsistence farming for their livelihoods. The main crops grown were maize, rice, millet, sorghum and beans while livestock farming also played an important role in providing food security for many rural communities. In addition to agriculture, mining also provided employment opportunities for some Tanzanians during this period.
Economy of Tanzania
In 1995, the economy of Tanzania was largely agrarian with most people relying on subsistence farming for their livelihoods. The main crops grown were maize, rice, millet, sorghum and beans while livestock farming also played an important role in providing food security for many rural communities. In addition to agriculture, mining also provided employment opportunities for some Tanzanians during this period.
The country’s economic performance in 1995 was mixed with GDP growth estimated at 3.2%. This growth rate was lower than the average annual growth rate of 4.5% that had been achieved during the 1980s. Despite this slow economic performance, poverty levels were estimated to have fallen from 56% in 1987 to 47% in 1995 due to increased access to education and health care services as well as improved agricultural productivity.
The Tanzanian government had adopted a number of market-oriented reforms since 1985 which had helped to improve the investment climate and attract foreign capital into the country. As a result, foreign direct investment (FDI) flows into Tanzania increased from $4 million in 1991 to $68 million in 1995.
The Tanzanian shilling was introduced as the official currency of Tanzania in 1992 replacing the East African shilling which had been used prior to that date. Inflation remained relatively high during this period with an average rate of 13% per annum between 1992 and 1995 although this represented an improvement compared to earlier years when inflation rates had been as high as 30%.
The banking sector also underwent significant changes during this period with a number of commercial banks being established including Barclays Bank Tanzania Limited (1993), National Microfinance Bank (1993) and Standard Chartered Bank Tanzania (1994). These new banks helped increase access to financial services while strengthening banking sector supervision and regulation by the central bank – Bank of Tanzania (BoT).
Foreign Policy of Tanzania
The foreign policy of Tanzania in 1995 was shaped by the country’s commitment to regional and international cooperation. This was in line with the Tanzanian government’s vision of a prosperous and peaceful Africa. The foreign policy objectives of Tanzania focused on the promotion of peace, security and stability, economic development and regional integration, respect for human rights and the rule of law, and support for multilateralism.
In 1995, Tanzania was an active member of the African Union (AU) which had been established in 1994 as a successor to the Organization of African Unity (OAU). As part of its commitment to promoting peace, security and stability in Africa, Tanzania supported AU efforts to resolve conflicts on the continent through diplomatic means. The country also played an important role in facilitating negotiations between warring parties in Angola, Burundi, Liberia and Rwanda.
Tanzania sought to promote economic development both at home and abroad. It supported regional integration initiatives such as the East African Community (EAC) which aimed to foster economic cooperation between East African countries through free trade agreements and other measures. The country also worked closely with other African countries to promote trade liberalization through initiatives such as the World Trade Organization’s General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT).
In terms of human rights protection, Tanzania was a signatory to several international conventions including those relating to civil liberties, freedom from torture, prohibition against slavery and forced labor, protection from arbitrary arrest or detention without due process of law as well as protection from discrimination based on race or gender. The government also supported international efforts towards gender equality by ratifying several United Nations conventions related to women’s rights including those relating to equal pay for equal work.
Tanzania supported multilateralism by actively participating in various international forums such as the United Nations (UN), G7 Summits, Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) meetings as well as ministerial conferences related to global issues such as climate change or sustainable development goals. It also maintained strong bilateral relations with countries such as China which it viewed as important partners in its efforts towards achieving national objectives such as poverty reduction or improved infrastructure development.
Events Held in Tanzania
In 1995, Tanzania hosted several important events that highlighted the country’s commitment to international cooperation and development. In January, Tanzania held the World Summit on Sustainable Development, which brought together world leaders and representatives from civil society to discuss strategies for achieving sustainable development in the 21st century. The summit was a success, with participants agreeing on a number of initiatives to promote sustainable development.
In April, Tanzania hosted the Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing. This event saw over 17,000 delegates from some 189 countries come together to discuss issues of gender equality and women’s empowerment. During the conference, Tanzanian President Benjamin Mkapa addressed the delegates and emphasized his country’s commitment to promoting gender equality and empowering women in all areas of life.
In June, Tanzania was one of five African countries that participated in the United Nations Global Conference on Human Rights in Vienna. This event was organized by UN Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali to address human rights violations around the world. At this conference, Tanzanian delegates discussed their country’s efforts towards protecting human rights within its borders and abroad.
Two months later in August 1995, Tanzania hosted another major event – the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD). This meeting was attended by representatives from over 180 countries who discussed strategies for improving global population policies and programs. The conference resulted in an agreement that focused on addressing poverty reduction through improved access to basic health services such as family planning as well as improved access to education for both men and women.
Overall, 1995 was an important year for Tanzania as it demonstrated its commitment to international cooperation and development through its hosting of several high profile events related to global issues such as sustainable development, gender equality and human rights protection. These events helped raise awareness about these issues among Tanzanians both at home and abroad while also providing a platform for dialogue between world leaders from different nations about how best to work towards resolving these pressing global issues.