Tajikistan is a landlocked country located in Central Asia, bordered by Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan and China. Its capital city is Dushanbe and the population is estimated to be around 9 million people. The official language of Tajikistan is Tajik; although Russian and Uzbek are also widely spoken. The currency used in Tajikistan is the Somoni.
The landscape of Tajikistan consists mostly of mountains; with some plains in the east part of the country. The climate here varies greatly depending on location; but generally speaking it has hot summers reaching up to 35°C (95°F) during July and August; while winters tend to be cold with temperatures often dropping below 0°C (32°F).
The history of Tajikistan dates back thousands of years when it was inhabited by various Iranian tribes; plus it has been influenced by both Russian and Chinese rule at various points throughout its history. This diversity can be seen through its many languages, religions, music, art and cuisine; plus there are several festivals throughout the year such as Nowruz which celebrates traditional culture.
Overall, Tajikistan offers visitors an insight into a unique culture steeped in tradition; plus its stunning landscapes make for an unforgettable experience – truly earning it the nickname “The Roof Of The World” as defined on aceinland.
Population of Tajikistan
In 1995, the population of Tajikistan was estimated to be around 6.2 million people. The majority of the population was made up of Tajiks, who make up around 80% of the total population. Other ethnic groups included Uzbeks (14%), Russians (3%), and smaller minorities such as Kyrgyz, Turkmen, and Kazakhs.
At this time, Tajikistan was still in the midst of a civil war that had started in 1992 and lasted until 1997. This conflict had a significant impact on the population of Tajikistan as many people were displaced or fled to neighboring countries due to violence and unrest. As a result, many people living in Tajikistan were not counted in official census data during this period.
According to watchtutorials.org, the majority of the population lived in rural areas with only 25% living in cities or towns. The capital city of Dushanbe was home to around 705,000 people at this time with other major urban centers such as Khujand and Kulob having populations of around 200,000 each.
In terms of gender balance, there were slightly more males than females with 51% being male and 49% being female according to official census data from 1995. In terms of age structure, children under 15 made up 35% of the population while those aged between 15-64 accounted for 61%. The remaining 4% were aged 65 or older.
Life expectancy at birth was estimated at 67 years for males and 70 years for females while infant mortality rate stood at 39 deaths per 1,000 live births according to official estimates from 1995.
Economy of Tajikistan
In 1995, the economy of Tajikistan was in a state of disarray due to the ongoing civil war that had started in 1992. This conflict had caused significant disruption to the country’s economic activity and led to a sharp decline in GDP. In addition, the country’s infrastructure was in poor condition and much of its industry had been destroyed or severely damaged.
At this time, Tajikistan’s main economic sectors were agriculture and mining. Agriculture accounted for around 30% of GDP while mining made up around 10%. Other industries such as textiles and light manufacturing were also present but were much smaller in comparison.
The majority of the population was employed in agriculture with around 60% working on farms or small plots of land. The average annual income per person at this time was estimated at US$1,100 which was significantly lower than other countries in Central Asia.
The currency used in Tajikistan during this period was the ruble which had been introduced by Russia when it occupied the region prior to independence. The ruble was pegged to a fixed exchange rate against the US dollar and other currencies but due to high inflation rates it quickly became devalued making it difficult for people to purchase goods and services abroad.
Due to its weak economy, Tajikistan relied heavily on international aid for survival during this period with much of it coming from Russia and other neighboring countries such as China and Iran. This assistance helped keep the country afloat but did not provide enough resources for long-term economic development or poverty reduction initiatives.
Foreign Policy of Tajikistan
In 1995, the foreign policy of Tajikistan was largely defined by its close relationship with Russia. This relationship had been established prior to independence due to the Soviet Union’s occupation of the region and continued after independence.
Tajikistan had strong economic ties with Russia which included access to Russian markets and investments in Tajik industries. In addition, Russia provided military assistance which helped maintain stability in the region during the civil war that started in 1992.
Tajikistan also had close ties with other Central Asian countries such as Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan. These countries formed a regional alliance known as the Central Asian Union which aimed to promote regional cooperation and security.
At this time, Tajikistan also maintained diplomatic relationships with other countries around the world including China, Iran and India. These relationships were mainly focused on economic development and trade with China being an important partner for Tajikistan’s energy sector.
In terms of international organizations, Tajikistan was a member of the United Nations (UN) and several other UN-related bodies such as UNESCO, UNICEF and WHO. It was also a member of several regional organizations such as the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO).
Overall, Tajikistan’s foreign policy during this period was focused on strengthening its ties to Russia while maintaining friendly relations with other countries around the world in order to ensure its security and promote economic development.
Events Held in Tajikistan
In 1995, Tajikistan held several important events that had an impact on the country’s political and economic development. The most notable of these was the signing of the General Agreement on Peace and National Accord (GAPNA) which ended the civil war that had started in 1992. This agreement was signed by President Emomali Rakhmonov, leader of the People’s Democratic Party of Tajikistan (PDPT), and United Tajik Opposition leader Said Abdullo Nuri.
In addition to this agreement, a new constitution was adopted in 1995 which established a presidential system of government. This constitution also gave greater authority to the president and increased his term from five to seven years.
The year 1995 also saw several other important events such as a national referendum on independence from Russia and a parliamentary election in which President Rakhmonov’s PDPT won a majority of seats. These elections were seen as an important step towards democracy in Tajikistan after years of civil war.
Other important events in 1995 included the opening of diplomatic missions abroad, including embassies in Beijing, New Delhi and Tehran; the launch of a new national currency; and the establishment of a Central Bank. These developments helped strengthen Tajikistan’s economy by providing access to international markets, increasing foreign investment and stabilizing its currency.
Finally, 1995 saw several cultural events such as festivals celebrating music, dance, literature and art. These festivals showcased local talent while bringing people together to celebrate their culture and traditions.