Tagged: Nepal

According to Petsinclude, the government of Nepal is a federal democratic republic, with a parliamentary system of governance. It is led by the Prime Minister, who is appointed by the President and approved by the House of Representatives. The President is elected by an electoral college for a five-year term and can serve up to two consecutive terms. The Prime Minister serves as the head of government and is responsible for making policy decisions and presenting them to Parliament for approval. The Legislative branch consists of two Houses: the House of Representatives (HoR) and the National Assembly (NA). The HoR consists of 275 members directly elected by the people through proportional representation while the NA has 59 members indirectly elected from each province. Both Houses have equal powers but only HoR may initiate financial bills. The Judicial branch consists of Supreme Court, High Courts, District Courts and other lower courts. The Supreme Court is headed by Chief Justice who is appointed by President on recommendation from Constitutional Council in consultation with Prime Minister. It is responsible for interpreting laws in accordance with Constitution and international law as well as upholding human rights. High Court has jurisdiction over all civil cases while District Courts handle criminal cases such as murder or rape. Nepal also has various independent commissions such as Election Commission, Anti-Corruption Commission, Human Rights Commission etc., These commissions are tasked with ensuring that all citizens are able to exercise their fundamental rights without fear or prejudice while also promoting transparency in government operations through regular audits and reports on their activities. In order to ensure good governance in Nepal, there are several measures taken such as direct elections every five years, right to information act which allows citizens access to public records held by government departments, freedom of speech among others which allow Nepalese citizens to speak out against any wrongdoings they may face from government officials or institutions without fear of reprisal or censorship. Furthermore there are initiatives such as national integrity strategy which works towards preventing corruption within public sector organisations, National Action Plan on Human Rights which aims at protecting fundamental human rights etc., All these efforts have helped create a more transparent and accountable government in Nepal which has resulted in better economic growth over past few years along with improved quality of life for its citizens. Nepal’s foreign relations are based on the principle of peaceful coexistence, non-interference in the internal affairs of other countries, respect for international law and the United Nations Charter, and promotion of international peace and security. Nepal has traditionally maintained friendly relations with its immediate neighbors – India and China – as well as with other countries around the world. Nepal is a member of several regional organizations such as South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) and Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC). Nepal’s relationship with India is strong, with political ties stretching back centuries. India has been a major source of economic aid to Nepal since the 1950s, while Nepal is an important trading partner for India. Bilateral agreements between the two countries include a trade treaty in 1996, a transit treaty in 1999 and an energy cooperation agreement in 2014. Additionally, both countries are working together to resolve their border disputes through diplomatic dialogue. Nepal also maintains strong ties with China. China is one of Nepal’s main sources of development assistance and investment. In recent years, China has become increasingly involved in Nepalese infrastructure projects such as roads, bridges, airports and hydropower plants. The two countries have also signed several bilateral agreements including an extradition treaty in 2009 and an economic partnership agreement in 2010. Nepal is also actively engaged with other nations around the world through its membership in various international organizations such as the United Nations (UN), World Trade Organization (WTO), International Monetary Fund (IMF), World Bank Group (WBG) and South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC). Additionally, Nepal participates regularly at meetings organized by regional organizations such as BIMSTEC or SAARC to discuss issues related to peacekeeping operations or trade facilitation initiatives among others. In conclusion, Nepal’s foreign relations are based on principles of peaceful coexistence among nations while fostering economic development through increased investments from friendly nations like India or China. Furthermore it actively participates on multilateral forums to promote stability throughout South Asia while advancing its own interests on global issues such as climate change or poverty reduction strategies. See relationshipsplus for Nepal defense and foreign policy.

Lumbini (Nepal)

Lumbini (Nepal)

In the south of Nepal, 20 km from Bhairava , there is a place Lumbini , known mainly for the fact that it was there, according to scientists, that Siddhartha Gautama was born in...

Nepal

Nepal Industry

Nepal is one of the least industrialized countries in the world. This is due to low domestic demand, competition from the Indian market, weak infrastructure and lack of investment capital. A large part of...