Tagged: Germany

According to Petsinclude, Germany is a federal parliamentary republic with a democratic and constitutional government. The head of state is the President, who is elected by the people for a five-year term. The President has limited executive powers and serves as a ceremonial figurehead. The real power lies with the Chancellor, who is elected by Parliament and serves as the head of government. The legislative branch of Germany’s government consists of two chambers: the Bundestag (lower house) and Bundesrat (upper house). The Bundestag is composed of members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms; it is responsible for enacting laws, setting budgets, and approving international treaties. The Bundesrat consists of representatives from each state in Germany appointed by their respective state governments; it has limited powers but can delay or reject legislation passed by the Bundestag or refer matters to the Constitutional Court for review. In addition to this legislative system, Germany also has an independent judiciary that is responsible for upholding laws and resolving disputes among citizens. The highest court in Germany is known as the Federal Constitutional Court, which hears cases from all levels of German courts and can overturn lower court decisions if they are deemed unfair or unconstitutional. In addition to this judicial system, Germany also has an administrative court system that handles matters related to public administration such as taxes and social security benefits. Other courts include regional courts, labor courts, family courts, administrative courts, criminal courts, appellate courts, commercial courts, military courts, and other specialized tribunals. Germany is one of the most influential countries in the world, and its foreign policy reflects its importance in global affairs. The country is a member of the United Nations, NATO, the G7, and the G20. It is also a founding member of the European Union (EU) and has close ties with many of its member states. Germany is also an active participant in international organizations such as the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), World Trade Organization (WTO), International Monetary Fund (IMF), and World Bank. Germany has strong bilateral relations with other major powers such as France, Russia, China, Japan, India, Brazil and the United States. Germany’s relationship with France is especially strong due to their shared history; both countries are members of several international organizations together such as NATO, G7 and G20. Germany also holds close ties with Russia despite their differences on certain issues such as Ukraine’s conflict with Russia or Russia’s annexation of Crimea. Germany maintains good relations with China through trade agreements and initiatives to work together on environmental protection efforts. Germany also plays an important role in promoting peace throughout Europe through its membership in several regional organizations including the OSCE which works to promote security through dialogue between states. Additionally, Germany contributes to efforts to resolve conflicts between states by offering mediation services in various conflicts around Europe such as those between Serbia and Kosovo or Armenia and Azerbaijan. The German government actively works to support economic growth around Europe by providing financial assistance to countries that need it most; this includes providing aid packages for Greece during its economic crisis in 2010-2011. Furthermore, Germany provides support for EU-wide initiatives such as infrastructure projects that help develop economies across Europe as well as mitigate climate change impacts through renewable energy sources like wind power or solar energy. See relationshipsplus for Germany defense and foreign policy.

Germany Bordering Countries

Germany 1995

According to PHARMACYLIB, Germany is a country located in Central Europe, bordered by France, Poland, the Netherlands and several other countries. It has a population of around 82 million people with the majority being...

Germany Literature - the Baroque Period

Germany Literature: the Baroque Period

CULTURE: LITERATURE. HUMANISM AND THE REFORMATION Humanism, anticipated by the stationery contacts of Charles I of Bohemia with Italy at the end of the fourteenth century, and witnessed its beginnings from ‘ Ackermann aus...

Germany Literature - the Ottonian Period

Germany Literature: the Ottonian Period

CULTURE: LITERATURE. THE OTTONIAN PERIOD The translations of the Latin classics made around 1000 by Notker Labeo, the first contacts of the Alemannic abbeys with Aristotelian philosophy (through the Cluny reform), the influx of...

Germany Culture

Germany Culture and Literature

CULTURE: GENERAL INFORMATION Protagonist of more than a millennium of European and world history, Germany boasts an artistic and cultural heritage worthy of its own historical event. The birth of German culture can be...

East Berlin

East Berlin

In the part of Berlin that was occupied by the Soviets (Eastern Sector), on November 30, 1948, a magistrate controlled by the SED and its organizations was constituted under Mayor Friedrich Ebert (* 1894, †...

Germany Industry

Germany Industry

Germany is one of the world’s leading industrial nations with companies in virtually every industry. In the mid-2010s, the manufacturing industry accounted for around a quarter of gross domestic product (GDP). Despite several well-known...