Tagged: Ethiopia

According to Loverists, the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia is a federal parliamentary republic with a unicameral legislature. The president, who is elected by the House of Peoples’ Representatives for a six-year term, serves as head of state and is responsible for representing the country in foreign affairs. The government is led by the prime minister, who is appointed by the president and approved by the House of Peoples’ Representatives. The unicameral House of Peoples’ Representatives consists of 547 members who are elected for five-year terms through a system of proportional representation. The House has the power to pass legislation and approve budgets submitted by the government. It also has oversight powers over executive branch activities. The judicial branch consists of regional courts, specialized courts for administrative and criminal matters, as well as a Supreme Court that hears appeals from lower courts. Judges are appointed to their posts by the Council of Ministers on recommendation from an independent judicial council. Ethiopia has taken steps to improve transparency in its governance including passing anti-corruption laws that provide penalties for those found guilty of bribery or other forms of corruption in public service positions or private sector businesses. Furthermore, access to information laws have been passed that promote transparency within public institutions such as state agencies and local governments. Despite these efforts however, corruption remains widespread throughout all branches of government due to lack of oversight and accountability mechanisms. In addition, human rights violations continue to be an issue in Ethiopia due to restrictions on freedom of expression and assembly as well as arbitrary detention without trial or charge that often results in torture or ill treatment. Ethiopia is a landlocked country located in the Horn of Africa with a population of over 100 million people. It has strong relations with its immediate neighbors Sudan, South Sudan, Somalia, Djibouti and Kenya. Ethiopia has been an active member of the United Nations since 1945 and is also part of the African Union (AU), Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) and League of Arab States (LAS). Ethiopia’s foreign policy is based on principles such as non-interference in other countries’ internal affairs, respect for territorial integrity, peaceful coexistence and promotion of economic development. The country also actively participates in international forums such as the United Nations General Assembly and Security Council, where it plays an important role in resolving regional issues. Ethiopia has traditionally had close ties with Russia due to its shared history but these have become strained in recent years due to Russia’s involvement in Ukraine and other former Soviet states. Despite this, Ethiopia still maintains diplomatic relations with Russia and has recently signed an agreement to allow Russian citizens to travel to Ethiopia without visas. In addition to its close ties with other African nations, Ethiopia also maintains strong relationships with countries outside Africa such as China which has invested heavily in Ethiopian infrastructure projects such as digital services and transportation networks. The country also has close ties with India through the India-Africa Trade Partnership Agreement which was signed in 2018. Ethiopia is an active participant in international organizations such as the United Nations (UN), World Trade Organization (WTO), International Monetary Fund (IMF) and World Bank Group (WBG). It is also part of various regional organizations such as the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) and East African Community (EAC). In addition, it is a member of several global initiatives such as the Global Compact for Migration (GCM) and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). See prozipcodes for Ethiopia defense and foreign policy.

Visa to Ethiopia

Visa to Ethiopia

According to A2zgov, to enter Ethiopia for citizens of Ukraine and citizens of other countries, it is necessary to obtain a tourist visa. The visa is issued electronically, within three days from the date...

Ethiopia Encyclopedia for Children

Ethiopia Encyclopedia for Children

Ethiopia An ancient empire on its last legs Ethiopia is today one of the most populous states in Africa, but also one of the least modernized and poorest in the world. Forced by a...

Ethiopia

Ethiopia Industry

The industrial sector is small in Ethiopia. Factories are mainly located in Addis Ababa and Dire Dawa. Production of food, textiles and leather goods dominates. In the food industry, the production of flour, vegetable...

Emperor Menelik

History of Ethiopia Part III

Military regime and people’s republic 1974-1991 After World War II, Emperor Haile Selassie emerged as a modernist leader, but his reforms took place only on the surface, and in 1974 Ethiopia was one of...

Ethiopia

Ethiopia

Ethiopia is a republic on the Horn of Africa in northeastern Africa. Ethiopia borders Eritrea in the north and northeast, Djibouti in the east, Somalia in the east and southeast, Kenya in the south...

centuries of independence

History of Ethiopia Part II

Resolution and collection When Emperor Fasiladas established Gondar as a permanent capital, this laid the ground for increasing regional revolts, and from the mid-18th century the empire was far from disintegrating. Local kings ruled...

Haile Selassie 1

History of Ethiopia Part I

Ethiopia’s history is long and rich and is characterized by the fact that the area became very early Christian and was never subject to one of the European colonial powers. From the 13th century,...

The Simien Mountains and the Lalibela Valley

Geography of Ethiopia

Ethiopia lies on the Horn of Africa and belongs to the African Shield. By Eritrea’s detachment, Ethiopia lost the entire coastal landscape along the Red Sea. The landscape is mainly made up of a...

Giraffa camelopardalis

Wildlife and Plant life in Ethiopia

Wildlife in Ethiopia The animal geographic region comprising sub – Saharan Africa derives its name from Ethiopia (the Ethiopian region ). Typical African species such as elephant, giraffe, antelope and warthog are numerous. The...

The Lenin statue in Addis Ababa

Contemporary History of Ethiopia

Ethiopia has undergone dramatic changes in recent decades, not least in the economic sphere. The country has also seen extensive political-structural changes with the introduction of the so-called ethnic federal system. Ethiopia has also...

Ethiopia's Foreign Policy

Ethiopia’s Foreign Policy

Due to the strategic importance of the Horn of Africa and the many regional conflicts, Ethiopia has been drawn into the great power struggle for spheres of interest. The country cooperated with Britain during...

Religion Ethiopia

Religions in Ethiopia

About 62 percent of the population is considered Christian, of which about 43 percent are Orthodox, about 18 percent are Protestants and 0.6 percent are Catholics. Muslims make up about 34 percent and about...

Ethiopia President

Ethiopia’s Political System

Constitution and political system Prior to 1974, Ethiopia was a monarchy, with Haile Selassie as emperor. After the 1974 military coup, Ethiopia became a socialist republic and increasingly came to support the Soviet Union....

several drought disasters

Economy and Business in Ethiopia

Ethiopia is one of Africa’s largest and most resource-rich states, yet one of the world’s economically least developed countries. Poorly developed infrastructure and a small modern sector have hampered the exploitation of the significant...

Ethiopia Army

Ethiopia’s Defense

Ethiopia’s armed forces number a total of 138,000 active personnel (2018, IISS). After Eritrea declared its independence in 1993, Ethiopia undertook a comprehensive demobilization and reorganization of the defense. The navy, which was originally...

Literature of Ethiopia

Literature of Ethiopia

Ethiopia was the only African country to have developed its own extensive writing tradition before meeting Europe, and there are a number of ancient works of historical, religious, moral and legal character written in...

Coins and Weight in Ethiopia

Coins and Weight in Ethiopia

The coin denomination The coin unit is birr (symbol Br, currency code ETB) of 100 centimeters; it was officially introduced in 1945. The older Ethiopian coinage system was 1 Menelik dollar, locally referred to...

Music in Ethiopia

Music in Ethiopia

Ethiopia lies on the border between the Islamic-dominated African belt and black Africa. Ethnic and linguistic diversity is reflected in the music scene, although the Arab cultural influence is dominant. Strong elements of black...

Church paintings and icons are important in Ethiopian art. From the late 17th century.

Art in Ethiopia

Church paintings and icons are important in Ethiopian art, and the book paintings have also received a lot of attention. They are made on parchment by anonymous masters. Pictures from the 12th and 14th...

Theater in Ethiopia

Theater in Ethiopia

There are traces of theater in Ethiopia dating back to the 500s when Bishop Grigentius issued a decree banning singers, harpists, actors and dancers. Under Emperor Menelik in the late 1800s, the territory of...