Tagged: Australia

According to Proexchangerates, the government of Australia is a federal parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy. The Monarch of the United Kingdom is the Head of State, represented in Australia by the Governor-General. The Prime Minister is the Head of Government and leads the Cabinet, which is made up of ministers from the governing party or coalition. The national legislature is a bicameral Parliament consisting of the House of Representatives (the lower house) and Senate (the upper house). Members are elected for three-year terms in single-member electorates in the House of Representatives, and for six-year terms in double-member electorates in the Senate. The executive branch consists of a Prime Minister who is appointed by the Governor-General after being chosen by Parliament, and other ministers appointed by the Governor-General on advice from the Prime Minister. The judicial branch consists of state and federal courts including High Courts, Supreme Courts, Federal Courts, Family Courts, Magistrates’ Courts and Children’s Courts. Judges are appointed by state governments or federally on recommendation from an independent commission. The Constitution provides for an independent electoral commission to oversee elections and ensure they meet international standards for free and fair elections. Australia has held several free and fair elections since 1901 including federal elections in 1901, 1903, 1906, 1910, 1913, 1917, 1919, 1922, 1925, 1928, 1931, 1934, 1937, 1940, 1943, 1946, 1949, 1951, 1954, 1955, 1958, 1961 etc as well as state elections in each jurisdiction since 1902. Australia has a wide range of foreign relations with countries around the world. It is an active member of international organizations such as the United Nations (UN), World Trade Organization (WTO), and International Monetary Fund (IMF). It is also a member of the Group of Twenty (G20) and participates in various forums such as the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) and the Commonwealth of Nations. Australia has strong relationships with its closest neighbors, including Indonesia, New Zealand, East Timor, and Papua New Guinea. Australia maintains close economic ties with these countries through free trade agreements, investments, and cultural exchanges. Australia also enjoys diplomatic relations with many other nations in Southeast Asia such as Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia and the Philippines. In addition to its close ties with its Asian neighbors, Australia is also an active participant in global affairs. It is a founding member of the United Nations Security Council and holds observer status in several other international organizations such as the Organization for Economic Co-operation & Development (OECD). The country has strong historical ties with both Britain and Europe through its membership in NATO’s Partnership for Peace program which aims to promote cooperation between NATO members and partner states like Australia. Australia is also an important partner to many Pacific Island nations due to its commitment to provide humanitarian aid during natural disasters or times of crisis. Australia’s relationship with China has been relatively stable over recent years despite some tensions due to differences in regional security interests. It also maintains strong diplomatic relations with India which have grown even stronger since 2018 when both countries signed a comprehensive economic cooperation agreement known as the Comprehensive Strategic Partnership Agreement (CSPA). Overall, Australia’s foreign policy is based on maintaining friendly relations with its neighbors while engaging constructively on global issues related to trade & investment flows into the country while also promoting regional integration & global cooperation initiatives that benefit all parties involved. See themotorcyclers for Australia defense and foreign policy.

Australia History Summary

Australia History Summary

Only after J. Cook’s expedition in 1770 did the British become interested in Australia, which after the loss of the American colonies became a place of deportation. The first two groups of deportees (1787,...

Gondwana Rainforests of Australia (World Heritage)

Gondwana Rainforests of Australia (World Heritage)

The World Heritage Site includes 15 national parks and numerous protected areas in Queensland and New South Wales. It has an important flora and fauna of the subtropical and the warm temperate rainforest. The...

Australia Immigration

Australia Immigration and Demographic Development

TERRITORY: HUMAN GEOGRAPHY. IMMIGRATION AND DEMOGRAPHIC DEVELOPMENT The great immigration began in the mid-century. XIX with an annual rate of approx. 100,000 individuals, almost all from Great Britain. The mining exploitation, which began with...

Australia Film, Dance and Ballet

Australia Film, Dance and Ballet

CULTURE: FILM For decades, the best-known Australian film production was documentary (John Heyer’s The Most Remote Corner of the World, 1953, on the odyssey of a mail truck; The People of the Desert, 1967,...

Australia Arts

Australia Arts

CULTURE: ART. THE FIRST MANIFESTATIONS The figurative manifestations of the nomadic peoples of Australia, hunters and gatherers, are closely connected, such as music and dance, to religious beliefs and rites and are intended to...

Australia Arts and Music

Australia Arts and Music

CULTURE: ART. THE TWENTIETH CENTURY In the twentieth century, in the period between the two wars, the name of the painter M. Preston (1875-1963) emerges. In opposition to the dominant academic realism, the Contemporary...

Australia Literature

Australia Literature (1920-)

CULTURE: LITERATURE. THE FOURTH PERIOD (1920-1948) In the early years of the fourth period, that is, in the years following the First World War, the influence exerted by the Lindsay family and the followers...

Australia Literature (1788-1850)

Australia Literature (1788-1850)

CULTURE: LITERATURE. THE ORIGINS Nothing written about Aboriginal literature has survived, but only oral traditions in the various dialects of the Common Australian. The collection of these testimonies begins late. It was only around...

Australia Culture and Traditions

Australia Culture and Traditions

CULTURE: TRADITIONS. THE TRADITION OF EUROPEAN ORIGIN A European and Aboriginal folklore coexist on this continent. The most striking is undoubtedly the one of European origin. The history of English colonization has taken on...

Australia History - The Contemporary Age

Australia History: The Contemporary Age

HISTORY: THE CONTEMPORARY AGE The history of Australia in the course of the century. XX was a story of continuous economic and social progress, scarcely influenced by the alternation of the various parties in...

Australia History - From Its Origins to Independence

Australia History: From Its Origins to Independence

HISTORY: FROM ITS ORIGINS TO INDEPENDENCE The colonization of Australia began in 1788 when the British, having lost the American colonies, transformed the territories occupied by J. Cook in the name of the King...

Australia History - Explorations

Australia History: Explorations

HISTORY: EXPLORATIONS The discovery of Australia was very late. The Pacific was in fact the last ocean to be explored; only at the beginning of the seventeenth century did navigators begin to travel its...

Australia Trade, Communications and Tourism

Australia Trade, Communications and Tourism

ECONOMY: TRADE, COMMUNICATIONS AND TOURISM The tertiary sector is the sector that occupies the most important position as a percentage of GDP: in fact it participates for almost 70% in the formation of national...

Australia Economy 2

Australia Economy

ECONOMY: INDUSTRY AND MINERAL RESOURCES The availability of energy was decisive for the location of the industries, which also arose in the vicinity of large urban centers. The main industrial concentration is therefore in...

Australia Overview

Australia Overview

GENERAL Capital Canberra. Geography Australia borders the Arafura and Timor Seas to the north, the Coral Sea and the Tasman Sea of the South Pacific to the east, and the Indian Ocean to the...

Australia Economy

Australia Economy and Shopping

ECONOMY Business etiquette Correct clothing for appointments in Sydney and Melbourne. Brisbane businesspeople often wear shirts, ties, and shorts; Business travelers should appear formally dressed for the first meeting. Appointments must be made in...

Australia Travel Guide

Australia Travel Guide

TRAVEL WARNING Country-specific safety information Terrorism On November 26th, 2015 the Australian government introduced a new terror warning system with five levels. At the same time, the middle level (probable = attack likely) was...

Australia

Australia Industry

In the mid-2010s, the mining sector accounted for an almost equal share of GDP as the manufacturing industry, whose importance has diminished since the beginning of the 1990s. The construction sector has experienced steady...

Australia Religion

Australia Religion

Religious freedom prevails. In the 2016 census, two-thirds of Australians stated that they were believers, about half of whom were Christians. One third of the residents did not believe in any religion. As immigration...

Australia

Australia Recent History

A few years ago, bronze cannons were discovered buried in the sand on a beach in Western Australia. From the writings and drawings engraved on the metal it was clear that they were built...