Syria is a Middle Eastern country located in the Levant region of western Asia, bordered by Lebanon, Israel, Jordan and Iraq. Its capital city is Damascus and the population is estimated to be around 17 million people. The official language of Syria is Arabic, although Kurdish and Armenian are also widely spoken. The currency used in Syria is the Syrian Pound.
The landscape of Syria consists mostly of desert; with some mountains in the west part of the country. The climate here varies greatly depending on location; but generally speaking it has hot summers reaching up to 40°C (104°F) during July and August; while winters tend to be mild with temperatures rarely dropping below 5°C (41°F).
The history of Syria dates back thousands of years when it was inhabited by various Semitic tribes; plus it has been influenced by both Greek and Roman rule at various points throughout its history. This diversity can be seen through its many languages, religions, music, art and cuisine; plus there are several festivals throughout the year such as Eid which celebrates traditional culture.
Overall, Syria offers visitors an insight into a unique culture steeped in tradition; plus its stunning landscapes make for an unforgettable experience – truly earning it the nickname “The Cradle Of Civilization” as defined on aceinland.
Population of Syria
In 1995, Syria was a country of approximately 11.8 million people. The majority of the population (about 85%) lived in rural areas, while the remaining 15% lived in urban areas. The population was evenly split between male and female, with males making up 50.3% of the total population and females 49.7%.
According to watchtutorials.org, Syria’s population was young, with an average age of 19 years old in 1995. Approximately 40% of the population was under 14 years old and about 60% were between 15-64 years old. Most Syrians were Muslim (87%), with 12% belonging to Christian denominations and 1% belonging to other faiths such as Druze or Alawite.
In terms of ethnicity, Syria’s population was predominantly Arab (90%) with small minorities of Kurds (9%), Armenians (1%), and others (1%). The majority spoke Arabic as their first language (93%), followed by Kurdish (4%), Armenian (2%), and other languages such as Circassian or Aramaic (1%).
The Syrian economy in 1995 was largely based on agriculture, which accounted for about 25-30 percent of GDP. Oil production also contributed significantly to the economy; it made up around 25 percent of GDP and provided around 30 percent of government revenue at that time. Manufacturing contributed approximately 10-15 percent to GDP while services accounted for the remaining 20-25 percent.
The Syrian government in 1995 had a strong authoritarian system that centralized power in the hands of President Hafez al-Assad who had been ruling since 1971 through his Ba’ath Party apparatus. Political dissent was not tolerated by Assad’s regime and civil society organizations were heavily restricted or monitored by security forces.
In conclusion, Syria in 1995 had an estimated population just over 11 million people who were predominantly Arab Muslims living mostly in rural areas speaking Arabic as their first language. The economy relied heavily on agriculture and oil production while manufacturing and services played a minor role compared to other Middle Eastern countries at that time period. Finally, political dissent was not tolerated by Assad’s authoritarian regime which maintained control through its Ba’ath Party apparatus.
Economy of Syria
In 1995, the Syrian economy was largely based on agriculture and oil production. Agriculture accounted for around 25-30 percent of Syria’s GDP and provided employment to a large portion of the population. Major agricultural products included wheat, barley, cotton, lentils, chickpeas, olives and fruits such as apples and oranges. Livestock production also played an important role in Syria’s economy with sheep, goats and cattle being raised for both meat and dairy products.
Oil production was another major contributor to the Syrian economy at that time. It made up around 25 percent of GDP and provided around 30 percent of government revenue. Most of Syria’s oil reserves were located in the eastern regions of the country near Deir ez-Zor, Hasaka and Raqqa. These reserves were largely unexploited until the late 1990s when foreign investment began to pour into the country due to a more open economic policy from President Bashar al-Assad who succeeded his father in 2000.
Manufacturing activity contributed approximately 10-15 percent to GDP while services accounted for the remaining 20-25 percent. Manufacturing activities included food processing, textiles, furniture making as well as chemicals, steel and petroleum refining industries. Services also played an important role in providing employment opportunities as well as contributing to GDP growth with tourism being an important sector at that time period with visitors coming from neighboring countries such as Lebanon or Jordan as well as further abroad like Europe or North America.
The Syrian government had implemented several reforms during this period in order to improve economic conditions such as reducing red tape associated with setting up businesses or increasing access to credit through banks or other financial institutions. However these reforms did not have much impact on economic growth due to a lack of foreign investment at that time period which was hindered by US sanctions imposed after accusations of sponsorship of terrorism by Bashar al-Assad’s regime since 2001.
In conclusion, Syria in 1995 had an economy mostly reliant on agriculture and oil production with manufacturing playing a minor role compared to other Middle Eastern countries at that time period while services accounted for only 20-25 percent of GDP growth. The government had implemented some reforms during this period but they failed to have any significant impact due to lack of foreign investment caused by US sanctions imposed since 2001.
Foreign Policy of Syria
In 1995, the foreign policy of Syria was based on the principles of Arab nationalism, non-alignment and anti-Zionism. Syria had strong ties with other Arab countries in the region and actively participated in regional organizations such as the Arab League and Organization of Islamic Cooperation. The country also maintained a close relationship with Iran, an important ally in the region.
Syria had a strained relationship with Israel due to its support for Palestinian militant groups during the First Intifada as well as its occupation of Syrian Golan Heights since 1967. This led to several military conflicts between both countries such as Operation Accountability in 1993 and Operation Grapes of Wrath in 1996.
In terms of international relations, Syria maintained close ties with Russia and China which provided it with economic aid, military equipment and diplomatic support at the United Nations. The country also had good relations with several European countries such as France which provided it with economic assistance during this period.
The foreign policy of Syria also included an increased focus on Africa as evidenced by its participation in various African organizations such as the African Union or Organization for African Unity (OAU). It was also part of many international organizations such as the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) or World Trade Organization (WTO).
Syria’s foreign policy was heavily influenced by its leadership under President Hafez al-Assad who came to power in 1971 and implemented an authoritarian regime that suppressed political dissent within its borders while maintaining close ties with other Arab countries in order to maintain regional stability. This allowed it to extend its influence abroad while keeping a firm grip on domestic politics.
In conclusion, Syria’s foreign policy in 1995 was largely based on principles of Arab nationalism, non-alignment and anti-Zionism. It maintained close ties with other Middle Eastern countries while also participating in various international organizations such as NAM or OAU. Its relationship with Israel remained tense due to its support for Palestinian militant groups resulting in several military conflicts between both countries during this period. President Hafez al-Assad’s authoritarian regime allowed him to extend his influence abroad while keeping a firm grip on domestic politics at home.
Events Held in Syria
In 1995, Syria experienced a period of relative stability after the end of the Cold War and was able to focus its attention on domestic and international issues. This year saw several important events occur in Syria that had a significant impact on its foreign policy and relations with other countries.
In April 1995, Syrian President Hafez al-Assad visited France for talks with French President Jacques Chirac. The two leaders discussed issues such as the Middle East peace process, regional security, economic cooperation and cultural exchanges between France and Syria. The visit marked an important step in strengthening ties between the two countries.
In June 1995, Syrian Foreign Minister Farouk al-Sharaa visited China for talks with Chinese leaders on bilateral relations and regional issues. This visit highlighted the importance of China to Syria’s foreign policy as China provided it with economic aid, military equipment and diplomatic support at the United Nations.
In September 1995, President al-Assad attended a summit of Arab leaders in Cairo where they discussed various issues such as economic development, political reform and Arab unity. This meeting highlighted Syria’s commitment to maintaining strong ties with other Arab countries in order to maintain regional stability.
In October 1995, Syrian Prime Minister Mahmoud Zu’bi attended a meeting of non-aligned nations in New Delhi where he called for an end to Western interference in the internal affairs of developing countries. This speech highlighted Syria’s commitment to non-alignment which was an important part of its foreign policy during this period.
Finally, in December 1995 President al-Assad attended a special conference convened by Egypt’s President Hosni Mubarak in Cairo focused on finding a solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. At this conference he called for an end to Israel’s occupation of Palestinian territories and expressed his support for Palestinian self-determination which further illustrated his commitment to anti-Zionism which was another key element of his foreign policy during this period.
Overall, 1995 was an important year for Syria as it experienced relative stability allowing it to focus on domestic and international matters while also engaging more actively with other countries around the world through high level visits by its leaders and participation at various conferences such as those held by Arab or Non Aligned nations. These events had a significant impact on its foreign policy which was largely based on principles of Arab nationalism, non-alignment and anti-Zionism during this period.