According to ESTATELEARNING, Slovakia is a landlocked country located in Central Europe, bordered by Austria, the Czech Republic, Poland, Hungary and Ukraine. Its capital city is Bratislava and the population of Slovakia is estimated to be around 5.4 million people. The official language of Slovakia is Slovak and the currency is the Euro.
The landscape of Slovakia consists mostly of low-lying mountain ranges and hills, with many rivers and streams running through it. The climate here is temperate continental; with hot summers reaching up to 29°C (84°F) during July and August; while winters tend to be cold with temperatures dropping as low as -5°C (23°F).
Slovakia has a long history that dates back centuries ago when it was part of the Kingdom of Hungary; plus it has been influenced by both Austrian and Czech rule at various points throughout its history. This diversity can be seen through its many languages, religions, music, art and cuisine; plus there are several festivals throughout the year such as Easter or St Patrick’s Day which celebrates Slovakian culture.
Overall, Slovakia offers visitors an insight into a unique culture steeped in tradition; plus its stunning landscapes make for an unforgettable experience – truly earning it the nickname “The Land of Mountains” as defined on aceinland.
Population of Slovakia
In 1995, Slovakia had a population of 5.3 million people. The population was largely concentrated in the western part of the country, with the capital city of Bratislava accounting for roughly one-third of the total population. The majority of Slovaks were ethnic Slovaks (85.7%), while other ethnicities such as Hungarians, Roma, Czechs and Ukrainians accounted for the remaining 14.3%.
According to watchtutorials.org, the population was relatively young in 1995, with almost half (49%) under the age of 25 and only 10% over 65 years old. The average life expectancy at birth in 1995 was 72 years for men and 78 years for women.
In terms of religion, Catholicism was by far the most dominant faith in Slovakia in 1995, accounting for almost 80% of the population. Protestantism made up around 8%, while Orthodox Christianity accounted for 6%. Around 6% declared themselves to be non-religious or did not answer questions about their religious beliefs.
Slovakia also had a large expatriate community in 1995, with more than 100,000 people living abroad mainly in Germany and Austria but also in other European countries such as France and Switzerland as well as further afield such as Australia and Canada.
In terms of education levels, Slovakia had made significant progress since independence from Czechoslovakia in 1993 with literacy rates rising to 99%. Secondary school enrollment rates were also high at 92%, while university enrollment had risen to 48%.
Economy of Slovakia
In 1995, Slovakia was in the early stages of transitioning to a market economy. Following the fall of Communism in 1989, the country had embarked on a process of economic reform and liberalization that had seen it move away from its centrally planned system to one based on private ownership and free markets.
The Slovak economy in 1995 was still largely dependent on exports, particularly to its major trading partners such as Germany, Austria and the Czech Republic. Exports accounted for around 60% of GDP, with machinery, chemicals and textiles making up the bulk of exports.
The unemployment rate in Slovakia in 1995 was around 14%, with youth unemployment particularly high at 25%. Inflation was also high at around 24%.
Slovakia had made some progress towards privatization by 1995, although this process was still incomplete. The banking sector had been largely privatized and foreign investment had increased significantly since independence from Czechoslovakia in 1993. However, many state-owned companies remained and were still inefficient due to lack of competition.
The government also implemented several measures to attract foreign investors such as tax incentives and a simplified regulatory system. These measures helped attract more than $1 billion in foreign direct investment by 1995.
Overall, Slovakia’s economy was growing steadily in 1995 but there were still significant challenges ahead if it was to become a fully developed market economy. The government needed to continue its efforts to attract foreign investment, improve infrastructure and reduce unemployment if it wanted to build a strong foundation for future growth.
Foreign Policy of Slovakia
In 1995, Slovakia was in the early stages of transitioning to a market economy and as such its foreign policy was focused on improving economic ties with its neighbours and securing foreign investment.
The country had recently declared its independence from Czechoslovakia in 1993 and as such was keen to strengthen its relations with other countries. To this end, it had joined the United Nations, the Council of Europe and several other international organizations.
Slovakia also sought to develop strong economic ties with its neighbours. It signed a free trade agreement with Hungary in 1994 and was in the process of negotiating similar agreements with Austria, Germany and the Czech Republic. It also sought to attract foreign investment by implementing a number of measures such as tax incentives, a simplified regulatory system and improved infrastructure.
In terms of security policy, Slovakia sought to remain neutral while at the same time strengthening ties with NATO members. It also joined the Partnership for Peace programme in 1995 which allowed it to participate in joint military exercises with NATO member states without having to join the alliance itself.
Overall, Slovakia’s foreign policy during this period was aimed at improving economic ties with neighbouring countries while also maintaining good relations with NATO members without actually joining the alliance itself. The country was keen to attract foreign investment while at the same time remaining neutral on security issues.
Events Held in Slovakia
In 1995, Slovakia was in the process of transitioning to a market economy and as such was keen to promote its culture and attract visitors from around the world. To this end, it held a number of events throughout the year.
One of the most popular events was the World Ice Hockey Championships which were held in Bratislava in April. The event attracted teams from all over the world and drew thousands of spectators to watch some thrilling matches.
In May, Slovakia hosted the European Music Festival which saw some of Europe’s top musicians perform at venues in Bratislava, Košice and Nitra. The festival featured performances by renowned acts such as U2, David Bowie and REM and helped to showcase Slovakia’s vibrant music scene to an international audience.
The country also held a number of cultural festivals throughout the year including the Folklore Festival in June which showcased traditional Slovak music and dance, as well as the Nitra Jazz Festival in August which attracted some of Europe’s top jazz musicians.
Other events included a film festival in October, an international book fair in November and a Christmas market in December. All these events helped to attract attention to Slovakia while also promoting its culture internationally.