Sao Tome and Principe 1995
Sao Tome and Principe is an island nation located in the Gulf of Guinea, off the western coast of Central Africa. It is composed of two main islands, Sao Tome and Principe, and several smaller islands. The country has a total area of about 1,000 square kilometers (386 sq mi) and a population of approximately 200,000 people. The capital city is also called Sao Tome which is home to the majority of the country’s population.
The landscape of Sao Tome and Principe consists mostly of tropical rainforest with some mountains in the center of the islands. There are also several white-sand beaches along its coastline which attract visitors from around the world looking to relax in this peaceful nation. The climate is tropical with temperatures ranging from 24°C (75°F) to 28°C (83°F) throughout the year and there are two distinct seasons – wet season from October to May; and dry season from June to September.
Sao Tome and Principe has earned itself the nickname “Pearl of the Gulf” due to its stunning scenery, rich culture and warm hospitality towards visitors from all over the world. Locals are known for their friendliness towards tourists; plus they are very proud of their culture so visitors should take care not to do anything that may be considered disrespectful or offensive.
The culture here is vibrant with traditional music being played throughout the year at festivals such as Carnival which takes place each February; plus there are many museums to visit including The National Museum which houses an impressive collection of artifacts related to Sao Tome’s colonial past.
Overall, Sao Tome and Principe offers tourists an unforgettable experience with its stunning scenery, rich culture and friendly locals – truly earning it the nickname “Pearl of the Gulf” as defined on aceinland.
Population of Sao Tomé and Principe
In 1995, the population of Sao Tomé and Principe was estimated to be around 156,000 people. The majority of the population were ethnically African, with a small minority of Europeans living on the islands. The population was spread out over both Sao Tomé and Principe, with most people living in rural areas.
The official language of Sao Tomé and Principe is Portuguese, with many locals speaking a distinct creole language as well. English is also spoken by some locals, mainly those who are educated or employed in the tourism sector.
According to watchtutorials.org, the majority of the population is Roman Catholic, although there are also smaller numbers of Protestants and Muslims living on the islands.
Sao Tomé and Principe has a relatively young population with around 45% being under the age of 15 in 1995 – this is due to high birth rates as well as an influx of immigrants from other African countries over recent decades.
The literacy rate in 1995 was estimated to be around 73%, which was higher than some neighbouring countries but still lower than many more developed nations. This can largely be attributed to limited access to education for those living in rural areas where most people resided at this time.
In terms of employment, agriculture was still a major industry for most people living in Sao Tomé and Principe – however this had begun to change over recent years due to increased investment from foreign companies into oil production on the islands which had led to new employment opportunities for locals.
Overall, Sao Tomé and Principe’s population in 1995 was largely young with most people residing in rural areas and working in agriculture-related industries – however there were signs that this was beginning to change due to increased investment into oil production on the islands.
Economy of Sao Tomé and Principe
In 1995, the economy of Sao Tomé and Principe was largely dependent on agriculture, specifically cocoa production. This accounted for around 45% of the country’s GDP, with most of this being exported to other countries. Fishing was also an important industry at this time, with many locals relying on it as a source of income.
The tourism sector had begun to develop in recent years, with more and more visitors arriving on the islands every year. This had led to some economic growth and created new employment opportunities for locals – however it was still a relatively small part of the overall economy.
The government had also been investing in oil production over recent years, which had led to increased foreign investment and some economic growth. Oil production accounted for around 10% of GDP in 1995 and was expected to increase in the coming years.
Overall, Sao Tomé and Principe’s economy in 1995 was largely reliant on agriculture and fishing – however there were signs that this may be changing due to increased investment into oil production as well as the development of the tourism sector.
Foreign Policy of Sao Tomé and Principe
In 1995, the foreign policy of Sao Tomé and Principe was largely focused on strengthening regional ties and developing closer relations with neighboring countries. The country had a close relationship with Portugal, its former colonial ruler, and had also developed strong ties with Angola, Cape Verde, Mozambique, and Guinea-Bissau through the Community of Portuguese Language Countries (CPLP).
The government was also attempting to increase its international standing by joining several multilateral organizations. In 1990 it became a member of the United Nations (UN) and in 1994 it joined the Organization of African Unity (OAU). It had also recently established diplomatic relations with a number of other countries including China, Cuba, South Africa and Portugal.
At this time Sao Tomé and Principe was also actively pursuing economic cooperation agreements with other countries. In 1994 it signed an agreement with the European Union which allowed for preferential trade terms between the two regions. It had also signed several economic cooperation agreements with Angola, Mozambique and Cape Verde which allowed for increased investment into the country’s economy.
Overall, in 1995 Sao Tomé and Principe’s foreign policy was focused on strengthening regional ties as well as developing closer relationships with other countries through increased economic cooperation agreements. This allowed for increased investment into the country’s economy which in turn led to some economic growth over recent years.
Events Held in Sao Tomé and Principe
In 1995, Sao Tomé and Principe hosted a number of events that served to promote the country’s culture and economy. In January of that year, the 5th International Festival of Carnival was held in the capital city of Sao Tomé. This event was attended by over 10,000 people from all over the world and showcased traditional African music and dance as well as local cuisine.
The following month saw the annual Sao Tomé and Principe Music Festival take place in the city of Santo Antonio. This event featured performances from a range of local musicians as well as some international acts. It also provided an opportunity for musicians from all over Africa to come together and share their music with each other.
In April, the country hosted its first ever International Film Festival which showcased films from all over the world. This event was attended by many celebrities from around the globe as well as local actors, directors and producers. It provided an opportunity for filmmakers to showcase their work to a global audience.
In May, Sao Tomé and Principe also held its first ever International Trade Fair which saw exhibitors from all over Africa come together in order to promote their products and services. The fair gave local businesses an opportunity to network with potential partners while also promoting their goods on an international stage.
Overall, 1995 saw a number of events being held in Sao Tomé and Principe which served to promote both its culture and economy on an international level. These events allowed for increased investment into the country’s economy while also providing an opportunity for locals to showcase their talents on a global platform.