Socialist Yugoslavia was free from Moscow and could therefore develop its own social system with a diverse state industry but also many private small businesses. However, all industrial production was hit hard during the 1990s by the disintegration of the federation, the wars and the sanctions, which meant lost export markets and a lack of commodities. But Montenegro also inherited “homemade” problems, such as unprofitable and over-staffed state industries.
A recovery only began to be noticed in 2004, despite continued problems such as small investments, lack of restructuring and privatization, and low competitiveness. Since independence in 2006, industrial production has had both ups and downs. In 2015, the industry (including mining, construction and electricity generation) contributed just under one fifth of GDP (the manufacturing industry for only 5.4 percent) and employed an almost equal share of the labor force; The construction industry in particular has been successful. The food and tobacco industry together with the metal industry (primarily aluminum) accounted for about 80 percent of all manufacturing.
Disputed church law is assumed
Leader of the opposition party Democratic Front (DF) is arrested after violent protests in parliament in connection with the adoption of a contentious law on religious freedom. The debate goes well into the night and ends with great drama as DF members try to light crackers, destroy microphones and go physical assault against other politicians. A total of 22 people, including 17 members, are arrested and escorted out of the building. All will soon be released except three DF leaders. The law has become a matter of battle between the government and the Serbian-friendly opposition, which is close to the Serbian Orthodox Church. Church adherents fear that a requirement in the new Religious Society Act to present ownership certificates for property from before 1918 should result in the state depriving the church of property.Religion and Ancient History).
Minister resigns following corruption suspicions
Development and Tourism Minister Pavle Radulović resigns on suspicion of corruption within his department. The suspicions are based on a video recording shown on TV. The video shows inspectors from the department requesting bribes from a businessman who wants to proceed with a building in the tourist resort of Budva, despite his expiration. Radulović regrets at his departure that he failed to put a stop to this kind of behavior. This is the first time a high-ranking politician or official resigns due to corruption in Montenegro.
Cupmaker gets jail
Judgments fall to trial after what prosecutors say was a Moscow-supported coup attempt just before the election (see (October 2016). Two opposition politicians are sentenced to five years in prison. The two, Andrija Mandić and Milan Knežević, represent the Russian and Serbian-friendly opposition Democratic Front Among eleven other defendants (see July 2017)) there are two Russian intelligence officers who are sentenced in their absence, to 12 and 15 years in prison respectively. The other nine, including most Serbian citizens, receive sentences of up to eight years in prison. A 14th defendant will be tried separately, in his absence – he was granted asylum in Russia 2018. Prosecutors have stated that the coup makers had support from Moscow in their plan to murder Montenegro’s leading politician Milo Ðukanović (then prime minister, now president). The purpose would primarily have been to obstruct Montenegro’s NATO membership, which, however, became a fact in June 2017. The Democratic Front claims it is political persecution and Russia has dismissed the allegations as absurd.