Estonia History Timeline
According to constructmaterials, the Republic of Estonia or Estonia is a country in the Baltics of Northern Europe bordering the Baltic Sea to the west and north (including the Gulf of Finland to the north). The country also borders Latvia to the south and Lake Peipus and Russia to the east. Across the Baltic Sea lies Sweden in the west and Finland in the north. Estonia’s area covers 45,227 km 2, and is affected by a temperate seasonal climate.
o.400 – Life as semi- nomads (fishing and hunting) was supplanted by the form of agriculture.
1208 – June 15. Crusaders and the German Order of Knights The Sword Knights made an unsuccessful advance from Livonia towards Estonian territory. A source mentions Dannebrog’s fall from the sky when the Danish army was in crisis, which was later linked to the battle of Lyndanisse on 15 June 1219. But there is no historical evidence that any flag fell from the sky during both battles. However, there have been many flags and flags with crosses present during the crusade, so the decisive attack on the Estonians may have been led by a Johannite flag that is identical to the flag we today call the Dannebrog. 1219 – June 15. Valdemar 4. Atterdag conquered Tallinn.
The capital founded this year is one of the best-preserved medieval cities in Europe. Valdemar’s Day was introduced on December 24, 1912 in Denmark.
1227 – Denmark conquers the northern half of the country, and the German Knights of the Sword Knights occupy the southwestern part.
1248 – Tallinn becomes Hansestad.
1346 – Denmark sells their half of the land to the German Order, which retains it until Sweden conquers this part in 1561. However, there were a few attempts by the Russians who tried to conquer the land in 1481 and 1558, but both failed.
1558-83 – The Livonian War ends with Estonia being divided between Sweden, Poland-Lithuania and Denmark.
1710 – During the Great Nordic War, Sweden is broken as a great power when the Russians conquer Estonia and Livonia. The conquest was confirmed by the Peace of Nystad in 1721.
1918 – February 24. Estonia declared independence after the collapse of the Russian Empire during the October Revolution.
1918-20. The War of Independence. The Danes fought together with the ether.
1921 – Together with Lithuania and Latvia, Estonia joins the League of Nations. The country was given a constitution based on the Swiss model and became a parliamentary democracy. The government initiated the reconstruction of the country and implemented a land reform.
1934 – Estonia establishes dictatorship.
1939 – The Soviet Union forces Estonia to allow the establishment of military bases in October, following secret additions to the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact with Germany.
1940 – June. The Soviet Union occupies the country. In an election the same year, the Communists demanded that the country be admitted to the Soviet Union as the Estonian SSR. This became formal in August 1940, but countries other than Germany and its allies would not recognize it.
1941 – Nazi Germany occupies the country, and it is not until three years later that the Soviet Union regains control in 1944.
1949 – March. The Soviet forces deported former members of the Waffen-SS and other Nazis by mass deportations. In parallel, they carried out a forced collectivization. However, conditions gradually improved after Stalin’s death.
1987 – August. A demonstration in Tallinn demanded that the secret additional protocols of the 1939 German-Russian non-aggression pact be made public. In parallel, the same demands were made in Latvia and Lithuania.
1989 – August. About 2 million Estonians, Latvians and Lithuanians formed a human chain that was more than 560 km long and stretched from Tallinn to Vilnius. The demand was recognition of the independence of the Baltic states. In February 1990, a convention of Estonian representatives adopted the country’s declaration of independence on the basis of the 1920 Tartu Peace Treaty between the Soviet Union and young Estonia.
1991 – August 20. Estonia withdraws from the Soviet Union after a parliamentary vote on 20 August and becomes independent again. The last Soviet troops left the country on August 31, 1994.
2004 – April 2. Estonia became a member of NATO. On 1 May, it became a member of the European Union.
2007 – April 30. 800 were arrested during the riots that erupted after authorities removed a Russian war memorial in the Estonian capital Tallinn. One person lost his life and 153 were injured during the fighting between Russian Estonians and police. The country closed its embassy in Moscow because Russia could not guarantee its security. The bronze statue, which was 183 cm high, stood in a park that was also a burial ground for fallen Russian soldiers. Authorities, however, said the statue would be erected elsewhere the same day it was moved. The relationship between the Estonians and the ethnic Russians is not too good. The large Russian minority accuses Estonia of discriminating against them.
2013 – Estonia’s hunger strike.
2013 – July 15. The Estonian E-election Committee has made the source code used in connection with electronic voting documents publicly available.