According to EXTRAREFERENCE, Estonia is a small Baltic country located in the Northern Europe. It is bordered by the Baltic Sea, Latvia to the south, and Russia to the east. The population of Estonia is approximately 1.3 million people; making it one of the smallest countries in Europe. The official language of Estonia is Estonian, although Russian and English are also widely spoken. The capital city of Estonia is Tallinn, which has a population of approximately 443,000 people.
Estonia has a rich cultural heritage with many traditions and customs that have been passed down through generations. Music and dance are a large part of Estonian culture and there are several festivals throughout the year celebrating various aspects of Estonian life such as song festivals, folk dancing festivals, and national holidays like Midsummer’s Day.
Estonia has a vibrant economy that is largely based on services and technology sectors such as telecommunications, IT services, banking and finance, tourism, retail trade, and manufacturing industries. The country’s main export partners include Finland, Sweden, Latvia, Lithuania and Germany; while its main import partners include Russia and Finland.
According to aceinland, nicknamed ‘the land of blue lakes’ due to its thousands of picturesque lakes that range from deep blue to light turquoise in color; Estonia offers visitors an array of activities ranging from fishing to boating or simply relaxing by the lake side in one of its many quaint villages or towns dotted along the coastline or inland areas. With its stunning landscapes combined with modern cities offering plenty of entertainment options for all ages; Estonia truly offers something for everyone!
Population of Estonia
In 1995, Estonia had an estimated population of 1.5 million people. The vast majority of the population was ethnic Estonian, and the country also had a small number of foreign residents from other countries. The largest minority group was Russian, accounting for around 33 percent of the total population. Other minorities included Ukrainians, Belarusians and Finns.
According to watchtutorials.org, the majority of the population was concentrated in urban areas, with the capital city of Tallinn accounting for around 30 percent of the total population. Other major cities included Tartu, Narva and Pärnu. Rural areas were less densely populated but still accounted for a significant portion of the total population.
The overall fertility rate in Estonia was relatively low in 1995 at 1.5 children per woman, which was well below the European average at that time. The birth rate also decreased significantly between 1989 and 1995 due to economic instability and uncertainty about the future following independence from Soviet rule in 1991.
Life expectancy in Estonia was slightly lower than average for Europe in 1995 at 72 years for men and 79 years for women—which represented an improvement since 1990 when life expectancy stood at 69 years for men and 76 years for women respectively. In terms of literacy rates, Estonia achieved universal literacy by 1985 due to a successful education system implemented during Soviet rule—with 99 percent of adults being literate by 1995 according to official statistics.
Economy of Estonia
In 1995, Estonia had a market-based economy with a GDP of $6.3 billion, which was relatively low compared to other European countries at the time. The economy was based largely on the production and export of natural resources such as oil shale, timber and agricultural products. The manufacturing sector also contributed significantly to the economy, with products such as electronics, textiles and clothing being exported around the world.
The Estonian government implemented a number of economic reforms following independence in 1991 in order to transition away from a centrally planned economy towards a market-based system. These reforms included liberalizing prices and wages, establishing a convertible currency and introducing foreign investment laws.
Inflation remained relatively low in 1995 at 5 percent—which was lower than most other European countries at that time—while unemployment stood at 10 percent. Despite this, Estonia’s economic growth rate during this period was still relatively strong due to the successful implementation of economic reforms by the government.
The Estonian government also implemented fiscal policies aimed at reducing budget deficits and encouraging foreign investment during this period—with these policies leading to an increase in investment from both domestic and foreign sources. This resulted in an increase in GDP growth which peaked at 8 percent in 1996 before leveling off in subsequent years due to slower growth rates worldwide.
Foreign Policy of Estonia
Estonia’s foreign policy in 1995 was largely focused on re-establishing its independence from the Soviet Union and integrating into the European Union. Following Estonia’s declaration of independence in 1991, the government made a concerted effort to build relationships with other countries in order to gain recognition of its sovereignty. This included signing various bilateral agreements and joining international organizations such as the United Nations, European Economic Community and Council of Europe.
In 1995, Estonia also sought to develop closer ties with its Nordic neighbors by joining the Nordic Council—an intergovernmental organization composed of Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden. This allowed Estonia to participate in a number of regional initiatives such as joint economic projects and military cooperation with other member states.
In addition to developing relationships with other countries, Estonia also sought to strengthen its relations with Russia during this period. This included signing a treaty of friendship and cooperation between the two countries in 1996—which provided for increased trade and investment opportunities between them.
Overall, Estonia’s foreign policy during this period was largely successful in achieving its objectives—with it successfully gaining recognition from numerous international organizations and establishing closer ties with many countries around the world.
Events Held in Estonia
In 1995, Estonia held a number of events to celebrate its independence from the Soviet Union and to promote its transition towards becoming an independent nation. This included the opening of the Estonian National Museum in Tallinn—which featured exhibits on Estonian history and culture.
In addition, a number of conferences were held throughout the year—including the International Conference on Human Rights in Estonia which discussed issues such as freedom of speech and religion.
The country also held a series of celebrations to mark its independence—including parades, concerts and fireworks displays throughout Tallinn.
Other major events included the Tallinn Film Festival—which showcased films from around the world—and the World Music Festival, which featured performances by local and international musicians.
Overall, these events provided an opportunity for people to learn more about Estonian culture and history while also celebrating the country’s newfound freedom. They also served as a reminder that despite its recent past, Estonia was now looking ahead to a brighter future as an independent nation.