Equatorial Guinea 1995
According to EXTRAREFERENCE, Equatorial Guinea is a small country located on the west coast of Central Africa. It shares borders with Cameroon and Gabon and has an area of 28,000 square kilometers. The population of Equatorial Guinea is 1,222,245 people, with the majority being Bantu tribes. The official language of the country is Spanish, but French and Portuguese are also widely spoken.
According to aceinland, Equatorial Guinea is often referred to as “Africa’s Last Colony” due to its history as a colony of Spain for over three centuries. After gaining independence in 1968, the country has since become a democratic republic with a president elected by popular vote.
The economy of Equatorial Guinea is largely dependent on oil production and exports. Oil accounts for around 90% of the nation’s exports and more than half of its Gross Domestic Product (GDP). The country also produces timber and cocoa, which are exported to other countries in Africa and Europe.
Equatorial Guinea has two distinct regions: The mainland region consists mainly of tropical rainforest while the island region consists mostly of savanna grassland and mangrove swamps. The climate in Equatorial Guinea is generally hot and humid year-round; temperatures rarely drop below 25°C (77°F).
The culture of Equatorial Guinea is heavily influenced by its colonial past; it combines elements from both African and Spanish cultures. Music plays an important role in everyday life; traditional instruments such as drums are used to create upbeat rhythms that accompany singing or dancing at various festivals throughout the year. Crafts are also popular; artisans create intricate jewelry from silver or gold as well as pottery pieces decorated with colorful designs inspired by their African ancestors.
Despite its small size, Equatorial Guinea has much to offer visitors; its stunning natural beauty combined with its unique cultural blend make it an unforgettable destination that will stay with you long after you have left this incredible country behind.
Population of Equatorial Guinea
As of 1995, Equatorial Guinea had a population of approximately 456,000 people. The majority of the population were members of the Fang ethnic group, which made up around 80% of the population. The remaining 20% were comprised of smaller ethnic groups including Bubi, Ndowe and Annobonese.
In terms of religion, around 85% of the population identified as Roman Catholic while 10% identified as Protestant and 5% identified as other religions. Most people lived in rural areas and practiced subsistence farming in order to make a living.
According to watchtutorials.org, the average life expectancy for men was 56 years old and for women it was 61 years old. The infant mortality rate was high at 71 deaths per 1,000 live births and the overall mortality rate was also high at 15 deaths per 1,000 people per year.
In terms of education, only 15% of the population aged 15 or older had completed primary school while only 2% had completed secondary school or higher levels of education. In addition to this, literacy rates were low with only 55% (aged 15 or older) able to read and write in Spanish or French (the two official languages).
Overall, the population in Equatorial Guinea in 1995 was characterized by low levels of education, a high infant mortality rate and a predominantly rural lifestyle where subsistence farming was commonplace. Despite this however there were some signs that things were improving such as an increase in access to healthcare services and an increase in literacy rates amongst younger generations due to improved educational opportunities.
Economy of Equatorial Guinea
Equatorial Guinea had an economy that was heavily reliant on the extraction and export of oil and natural gas in 1995. Oil accounted for over 90% of the country’s exports, with the majority of it being sold to European countries such as Spain, France, Italy and Germany.
The country also had a small agricultural sector which accounted for around 10% of GDP, although it was much less important than the oil industry. The main crops grown were cocoa, coffee, palm oil and bananas.
In terms of GDP per capita, Equatorial Guinea had one of the highest levels in Africa at US$6,800 in 1995 (in terms of Purchasing Power Parity). This was primarily due to its large oil reserves which allowed it to generate more income than other African nations.
However despite its wealth from oil exports, Equatorial Guinea was still a poor nation with high levels of poverty and inequality. Around 70% of the population lived below the poverty line and unemployment rates were high at around 20%. In addition to this there were also very low levels of education with only 15% of the population aged 15 or older having completed primary school while only 2% had completed secondary school or higher levels of education.
Overall, in 1995 Equatorial Guinea’s economy was heavily reliant on its oil sector which generated most of its income but did not benefit most citizens due to high levels of poverty and inequality. The country also had a small agricultural sector which accounted for around 10% GDP but was much less important than its oil industry.
Foreign Policy of Equatorial Guinea
In 1995 Equatorial Guinea had a foreign policy that was largely shaped by its close ties to Spain, which had been the colonial power in the country until 1968. The two countries maintained strong diplomatic and economic relations, with Spain providing a significant amount of aid to Equatorial Guinea.
Equatorial Guinea also had close ties with other African nations, particularly those in the Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS), which it joined in 1991. It sought to strengthen its relationships with ECCAS countries by engaging in trade and investment activities and signing cooperation agreements.
The country also sought to improve its relations with other major powers such as the United States, China and France. In 1994 it established diplomatic relations with the US and in 1995 it opened an embassy in Beijing.
In terms of international organizations, Equatorial Guinea was a member of the United Nations (UN) since 1968 and also belonged to various UN specialized agencies such as UNESCO, UNICEF and WHO. It was also a member of the African Union (AU) since 1984 and participated actively in AU meetings and activities.
Overall, Equatorial Guinea’s foreign policy in 1995 was largely shaped by its close ties with Spain but it also sought to strengthen its relationships with other African nations as well as major powers such as the United States, China and France. It participated actively in international organizations such as the UN and AU while also engaging in trade activities with other countries.
Events Held in Equatorial Guinea
In 1995 Equatorial Guinea hosted a number of events that were important both to the country and to the region. The most notable of these was the first-ever African Cup of Nations football tournament, which was held in the country from January 8th to January 28th. The tournament featured 16 teams from across Africa and was won by South Africa, who defeated Tunisia 2-0 in the final.
The country also hosted a number of other events during this time, such as the 1995 Ibero-American Summit on November 19th and 20th. This summit brought together leaders from Latin American countries and Spain for discussions about economic development, democracy, human rights and other topics.
Equatorial Guinea also hosted a variety of cultural events throughout 1995 including a series of concerts featuring local and international musicians such as Salif Keita, Manu Dibango and Youssou N’Dour. In addition, there were several art exhibitions featuring works by Equatoguinean artists as well as international artists such as Frida Kahlo and Diego Rivera.
Finally, Equatorial Guinea hosted a number of conferences throughout the year including an International Conference on Education which took place in April and focused on providing quality education for all children in Africa; an International Conference on Health Promotion which took place in June; and an International Conference on Women’s Issues which took place in October.
Overall, 1995 was an eventful year for Equatorial Guinea with a variety of cultural events taking place alongside important political summits and conferences focusing on topics such as education, health promotion and women’s issues.