In addition to oil recovery, the industrial sector is weakly developed in Chad. The factories mainly process agricultural products.
The cotton industry is most important. In addition, food, leather, building materials and brewery and tobacco products are manufactured.
Virtually all industry is concentrated in southern Chad around the cities of N’Djamena, Moundou and Sahr.
In addition to the formal industrial sector, there are many simple small workshops for the production of agricultural implements. These companies make important contributions to the supply.
Boko Haram attacks village on Lake Chad
At least twelve people are killed when Boko Haram attacks a fishing village on Chad Lake’s west coast. The area has long been exposed to attacks by the extreme Islamist group entering Chad from northeastern Nigeria.
Arms rest in the north
President Déby enters a ceasefire with the local militant group Cam (Miski’s self-defense committee) in the gold-rich region of Tibesti in the north. Talks between the government and Cam began at the end of October. The conflict concerns the gains from gold mining in Tibesti. Cam says to represent the local people group toubou and accuses the government of shoeing in the mining operation without the revenue benefiting the locals. Déby, who also has to fight against resistance groups based in Libya, wants to make peace with Cam in order to concentrate on defeating the more resourceful groups that want to overthrow him.
New regional fund against terrorism
West African leaders agree to jointly invest $ 1 billion over the period 2020-2024 to combat violence from militant Islamist groups in the region. The decision is made at a meeting in Burkina Faso’s capital Ouagadougou. Attending the meeting are political leaders from the 15 countries that are part of the West African cooperation organization Ecowas as well as the Mauritanian and Chad presidents. The money should be invested in a common fund. How they are to be distributed will be presented at a forthcoming summit in December. Ecowa’s leader Jean-Claude Kassi Brou says that jihadists has carried out 2,200 attacks since 2015, which claimed a total of about 11,500 casualties and driven hundreds of thousands of people to flight. He calls on the UN to strengthen its peacekeeping force, Minusma, which has been stationed in Mali since 2013. There is also a special force, the G5 Sahel, which Burkina Faso, Mali, Chad, Niger and Mauritania, launched together with France in 2017. But it suffers from a great lack of resources, and the force so far only consists of 4,000 soldiers instead of 5,000 as planned.
State of emergency in the east
President Déby faces a three-month state of emergency in the provinces of Sila and Ouaddai in eastern Chad, near the border with Sudan. The reason is that dozens of people have recently been killed in fighting between farmers and nomadic camel breeders from Déby’s own Zaghawa people group. The groups compete for increasingly scarce land and water resources. Déby emphasizes that the ethnic strife has become more violent and should be considered “a national problem”. Déby has suggested that military courts be set up to investigate suspects in the ethnic conflicts, but the opposition opposes it. Déby believes that the problem is compounded by all the weapons in circulation from the conflicts in Libya, Sudan and the Central African Republic.
Seven dead in suicide
A female suicide bomber blasts herself and six other people to death in the province of Lac near Lake Chad in western Chad. Among the victims are a soldier and four guards. An unknown number of people are injured in the attack. According to the military, Boko Haram is behind the deed. The extremist group has carried out at least ten attacks in Chad since 2018. Scoreboards are usually army posts.
The election postponed again
The parliamentary elections, which should have been held as early as 2015 and last scheduled for May 30, 2019, are postponed once again because the preparations are not ready. The new election date is unclear.
About 40 dead in ethnic violence
At least 23 Ouaddi farmers are killed in new attacks by armed men belonging to Arab shepherds in eastern Chad. As a result, more than 35 fatalities have been claimed in the last five days, according to local government officials. The attacks have been carried out this time in the provinces of Sila and Ouaddai. President Déby has described the violence as “vendetta” between rival peoples fighting for land and water in a region affected by drought and a growing population.