Category: South America

Overall, the living conditions of the Brazilian population have improved significantly in the last 20 years, and the poverty figures have also been significantly reduced. This is thanks, among other things, to extensive investments in the energy, housing, transport and urban development sectors, which were carried out as part of the program to accelerate growth under the governments of Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (from 2002) and his successor Dilma Rousseff (from 2011) have been planned and tackled. The proportion of extremely poor people who live according to the World Bank criteria on less than 1.25 US dollars a day has been reduced from 17 percent in 1993 to 5 percent in 2012 – making Brazil a central Millennium Development Goal, the reduction of poverty, reached ahead of schedule. The gross domestic product per capita in 2013 was 11,300 US dollars, twice as high as the average for middle-income countries (according to the World Bank: 4721 US dollars).

Despite these advances, around 10 million people were still living in extreme poverty and 31 million Brazilians (16 percent of the population) in relative poverty in 2012, which means that they have far less than the average income. The proportion of the poor is particularly high in the north-east and north as well as in the favelas, the slum areas of the large metropolises (236.3), which still exist in large numbers in regions with generally “good” living conditions. Not least because of these pronounced social disparities, large cities such as Rio de Janeiro or São Paulo continue to have massive problems with crime, drug offenses and gang structures. Reducing the poverty rate and the unequal distribution of income within Brazilian society through infrastructure measures and improving social and health services will have to remain high on the government’s agenda if they exacerbate the social conflicts that occurred in the context of the 2014 World Cup articulated, would like to counteract and strengthen social coherence. For more information about the continent of South America, please check a2zgov.com.

How to Get to Argentina

How to Get to Argentina

Airplane: Argentina’s national airline Aerolíneas Argentinas flies from Germany from Munich with a stopover in Madrid to Buenos Aires. The airlines KLM, Lufthansa, Swiss International, Varig, Alitalia, Air France and British Airways also fly...

Brazil Geography

Brazil Geography

There are essentially three major landscapes in Brazil. Two of these landscapes are determined by mountain ranges, which together make up about 60% of the country’s area: The Guiana Mountains in the north and...

Guyana Country Information

Guyana Country Information

The name Guyana means ” land of many waters ” and was derived from the original name of the Guyana region, which includes the region of Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana and parts of Venezuela...

Chile Environment

Chile Environment

THE STATE The Chilean school system, the first to have a unitary character in South America, has always been particularly open to innovative pedagogical methodologies. It is structured in primary education, compulsory and free,...

Venezuela

Venezuela Industry

As oil export revenues for many decades made it possible to import a large proportion of the goods needed by the country, it took quite a long time before Venezuela seriously invested in building...

Uruguay

Uruguay Industry

Uruguay’s industrial operations are largely based on the processing of raw materials from the livestock industry, which provides food, textiles and leather goods, among others. Since a first pulp mill was completed in 2007,...

Peru

Peru Industry

For a long time, the mining industry is Peru’s most important industry and the fastest growing sector in recent years. The manufacturing industry comprises the production of fishmeal, the processing of agricultural commodities and...

Paraguay

Paraguay Industry

Paraguay’s industry is small-scale. The manufacturing industry is primarily focused on the processing of agricultural products. The industry, including the construction sector, employs around one fifth of the workforce. Among the agricultural products that...

Guyana

Guyana Industry

Most of Guyana’s industries, apart from mining, are closely linked to agriculture. In the factories, in particular, sugar cane, rice, tobacco and coconuts are processed. The manufacturing industry is entirely focused on the domestic...

Ecuador

Ecuador Industry

The industry employs just under one fifth of the workforce and is concentrated in the major cities of Guayaquil and Quito. The oil-related and food industries are the most important sectors. The oil-based industry...