Category: Europe

European Union – unemployment
Unemployment has been a major problem in almost all EU countries over the last few decades, but its extent has increased once again since the start of the economic, financial and euro crisis in 2008. The unemployment rate initially fell from 9.1 percent to a temporary low of 7 percent between 2003 and 2008, but then rose again significantly. In 2013, the EU average unemployment rate was 10.3 percent. This development mainly affects the peripheral regions in the south and east, some of which suffer from very high unemployment.

To determine the unemployment figures, the EU relies on the unemployment statistics of the individual countries. For the purpose of an interregional level comparison, these are combined with our own sample surveys. Due to this harmonization, the EU figures differ somewhat from the national figures. The unemployment rate does not include underemployment in structurally weak agricultural regions or short-time work in some branches of industry.

In addition to the direct effects of the economic, financial and euro crisis since 2008, the rise in unemployment is a consequence of various changes in the labor market. The long-term causes include, above all, the continuous automation and rationalization of all production, distribution and service activities for the purpose of reducing wage and manufacturing costs. A second important cause is the progressive outsourcing of an ever larger part of activities to poorer countries with lower wage costs and minimal social and environmental standards.

Between the economic structure and the unemployment rate of a country there is a strong correlation (100.1). With a few exceptions, the rule applies that regions with a low level of production and high levels of employment in agriculture suffer disproportionately from unemployment. The highest regional unemployment rates in 2013 were registered in Greece, Spain, southern Italy, Slovenia and Slovakia, and northern Ireland. Many of these areas are affected by high levels of migration (cf. 100.4).

The precarious situation on the labor market is a heavy burden for the peripheral regions because there is often a particularly high potential of workers. The consequence of this surplus is disproportionately high unemployment among young people under the age of 25, which in many countries doubles, and sometimes even triples, as in Italy. Particularly hard hit by youth unemployment include Italy, Greece, Spain, Croatia, Portugal and Slovakia. The high EU average rate of 22.6% (2011–2013) shows, however, that youth unemployment is a major problem in almost the whole of the EU, even in economically strong countries such as England or Sweden; only very few countries such as Germany, the Netherlands and Austria show values ​​that are well below average. For more information about the continent of Europe, please check a2zgov.com.

Dundee, Scotland

Sights of Dundee, Scotland

In the bustling Scottish city of Dundee you can find nice sights. The former port city also has a lot of art and culture to offer. A number of remarkable statues can be found...

City of Groningen, Netherlands

Sights of the City of Groningen, Netherlands

The moment you want to write about the 10 most beautiful, best and most interesting sights in Groningen, we quickly realize that it is mainly the city itself that forms a highlight. There are...

Attractions of Cyprus

Resorts and Attractions of Cyprus

Resting in Cyprus, it is worth visiting the ruins of the ancient city of Kourion, which are located on a steep 70-meter cliff. This cliff served not only aesthetic purposes, but also was an...

Diving in Greece

Diving in Greece

According to ehealthfacts, Greece is home to the oldest shipwrecks on earth. But you should always remember that for the lifting and export of ancient valuables, a punishment of up to two years in...

Transport in Italy

Transport in Italy

The work of urban transport in Italy (buses, trams and trolleybuses) is well established. Tickets of a single sample are sold in newspaper and tobacco kiosks, sometimes in bars. Vehicle routes are presented on...

Kaliningrad (Russia)

Places to Visit in Russia

Yelnya, Smolensk region (Russia) The city of Yelnya is located 82 km southeast of Smolensk in the upper reaches of the Desna River. The first mention of Yelnya dates back to the 12th-13th centuries....

Zell am See (Austria)

What to See in Austria

Flachau (Austria) The Flachau ski resort is located 50 km southeast of Salzburg and is part of the so-called “Salzburg Sports Ring”, which in turn is part of the largest ski region in Europe...

Yelabuga, Republic of Tatarstan (Russia)

Yelabuga, Republic of Tatarstan (Russia)

According to businesscarriers, Elabuga is located on the right bank of the Kama River at the confluence of the Toima River, 20 km from Naberezhnye Chelny. In the 10-11 centuries, on the site of...