Category: Europe

European Union – unemployment
Unemployment has been a major problem in almost all EU countries over the last few decades, but its extent has increased once again since the start of the economic, financial and euro crisis in 2008. The unemployment rate initially fell from 9.1 percent to a temporary low of 7 percent between 2003 and 2008, but then rose again significantly. In 2013, the EU average unemployment rate was 10.3 percent. This development mainly affects the peripheral regions in the south and east, some of which suffer from very high unemployment.

To determine the unemployment figures, the EU relies on the unemployment statistics of the individual countries. For the purpose of an interregional level comparison, these are combined with our own sample surveys. Due to this harmonization, the EU figures differ somewhat from the national figures. The unemployment rate does not include underemployment in structurally weak agricultural regions or short-time work in some branches of industry.

In addition to the direct effects of the economic, financial and euro crisis since 2008, the rise in unemployment is a consequence of various changes in the labor market. The long-term causes include, above all, the continuous automation and rationalization of all production, distribution and service activities for the purpose of reducing wage and manufacturing costs. A second important cause is the progressive outsourcing of an ever larger part of activities to poorer countries with lower wage costs and minimal social and environmental standards.

Between the economic structure and the unemployment rate of a country there is a strong correlation (100.1). With a few exceptions, the rule applies that regions with a low level of production and high levels of employment in agriculture suffer disproportionately from unemployment. The highest regional unemployment rates in 2013 were registered in Greece, Spain, southern Italy, Slovenia and Slovakia, and northern Ireland. Many of these areas are affected by high levels of migration (cf. 100.4).

The precarious situation on the labor market is a heavy burden for the peripheral regions because there is often a particularly high potential of workers. The consequence of this surplus is disproportionately high unemployment among young people under the age of 25, which in many countries doubles, and sometimes even triples, as in Italy. Particularly hard hit by youth unemployment include Italy, Greece, Spain, Croatia, Portugal and Slovakia. The high EU average rate of 22.6% (2011–2013) shows, however, that youth unemployment is a major problem in almost the whole of the EU, even in economically strong countries such as England or Sweden; only very few countries such as Germany, the Netherlands and Austria show values ​​that are well below average. For more information about the continent of Europe, please check a2zgov.com.

Memo for Tourists about Greece

Memo for Tourists about Greece

Accommodation Greece has a variety of hotels both on the mainland and on the islands. In addition to the star classification familiar to us, an older letter system is adopted here: from L –...

Active Holidays in Cyprus

Active Holidays in Cyprus

According to aceinland, there is hardly any reason to lie motionless on the beach, eagerly soaking up the sun, when there are many ways to diversify the impressions of the soul and body. Water...

Landmarks of Denmark

Landmarks of Denmark

According to ethnicityology, the capital of Denmark, Copenhagen, is famous for its architecture with numerous spiers, towers and bell towers. The city was founded in 1167 and has retained the charm of ancient times....

Corsica, France

Corsica, France

“There is nothing more beautiful and more convenient than traveling around Corsica…” Alexandre Dumas, “Corsican Brothers” The variety of landscapes of Corsica resembles a continent in miniature. This is an “emerald” island: pine forests,...

Visa to Sweden

Visa to Sweden

Attention! Citizens of Ukraine with biomeric passports are allowed to enter the country of Sweden without opening a visa, for a period of stay in the country of 90 days in a period of...

Russia Music

Russia Music

Popular music The first historical evidence of musical life in Russia dates back to the 10th century, when documents attest to the birth of the byliny epos, which was in vogue for several centuries, first...

Russia and the Legacy of the Soviet State

Russia and the Legacy of the Soviet State

The disappearance of the USSR as an international legal entity posed the problem of the heir or heirs of this subject. The legitimate or residual heir of the USSR seems to have been identified...

Russia Contemporary Literature

Russia Contemporary Literature

The elements of renewal that had made Chekhov’s sad soul glimpse only a distant hope, but a “primitive” like Gorky had spoken a clearer language, matured rapidly and the pessimism of the time of...

The Two Italies

The Two Italies

They, however, did not hold direct government, for which Himmler declared that he did not have the necessary police forces, and they installed Mussolini, freed by them from detention. He transformed the PNF into...