According to ZIPCODESEXPLORER, Belarus is a landlocked country located in Eastern Europe, bordering Russia, Ukraine, Lithuania, Poland and Latvia. It is the largest of the three Baltic states, with a population of around 9.5 million people and its capital city is Minsk. Belarus has a continental climate with cold winters and warm summers. The terrain consists mostly of flat plains although there are also some hills in the south and northeast.
The official language of Belarus is Belarusian but Russian is also widely spoken. The culture of Belarus has been shaped by its proximity to Russia and Eastern Europe as well as its long history as part of the Soviet Union. This can be seen in its traditional cuisine which incorporates elements from both regions as well as its art which often reflects socialist themes or motifs from Slavic mythology.
According to aceinland, the nickname for Belarus is “the land of swamps”. This nickname comes from the fact that much of the country is covered in wetlands, marshes, and bogs which provide habitats for a wide range of wildlife species. These wetlands also provide important natural resources such as fish, timber and water to local populations who rely on them for sustenance and livelihoods. The wetlands also play an important role in regulating water levels across the country which further reinforces this nickname.
Population of Belarus
The population of Belarus in 1995 was estimated to be around 10.3 million people. According to watchtutorials.org, the majority of the population (around 80%) was ethnic Belarusian, while Russians made up around 11%, Poles 2.4%, Ukrainians 1.7%, and Jews 0.2%. In terms of religious affiliation, the majority of the population identified as Orthodox Christians (59%), with Catholics making up 19% and other religions comprising the remaining 22%.
In terms of age structure, most of the population was fairly young in 1995 with a median age of 27 years old and a gender ratio of 0.91 males per female. The total fertility rate was 1.9 children per woman which was slightly higher than the average for Europe at this time (1.6).
In terms of urbanization, approximately 73% of the population lived in urban areas in 1995, with most people concentrated in Minsk (the capital city) and other major cities such as Grodno, Brest and Vitebsk. The rural population accounted for 27% and tended to be more spread out across smaller towns and villages throughout Belarus’ six regions – Brestskaya Voblasts’, Homyel’skaya Voblasts’, Hrodzenskaya Voblasts’, Mahilyowskaya Voblasts’, Minskaya Voblasts’ and Vitsebskaya Voblasts’.
Life expectancy at birth was estimated to be around 70 years for men and 76 years for women in 1995 which were slightly lower than the European averages at that time (72 years for men and 79 years for women). Infant mortality rates were also relatively high compared to other countries in Europe at 14 deaths per 1000 live births which is attributed to a lack of access to basic healthcare services in some rural areas as well as inadequate nutrition among certain segments of the population.
Overall, Belarus had a fairly young population that was largely concentrated in urban areas or small towns throughout its six regions in 1995 with most people identifying as Orthodox Christians or Catholics while a small minority identified with other religious beliefs or none at all. Life expectancy rates were relatively low compared to other European countries but have since improved due to increased access to healthcare services throughout the country.
Economy of Belarus
The economy of Belarus in 1995 was largely dependent on its agricultural and manufacturing sectors, with a focus on exports to other countries. The country’s gross domestic product (GDP) in 1995 was estimated at US$25.4 billion which represented a 5.3% growth rate from the previous year. The currency used in Belarus at the time was the Belarusian ruble which had an exchange rate of approximately 1 US dollar to 5000 rubles.
Agriculture made up approximately 28% of the total GDP in 1995 and employed around 23% of the country’s population; wheat, potatoes, flax, sugar beet, and meat were some of the main crops produced while dairy farming and animal husbandry were also important industries. Manufacturing accounted for approximately 40% of GDP and employed roughly 25% of the population; this sector included production of machinery, chemicals, textiles, food products and construction materials. Other important economic activities included mining (coal, peat), timber production and fishing.
In terms of international trade, Belarus’ main exports were machinery and transport equipment (mainly tractors), chemicals, textiles and food products; these were mainly sold to Russia as well as other countries in Europe such as Germany and Poland. Imports included crude oil, gas and coal from Russia as well as other commodities such as metals, chemicals and food products from other countries around the world including China.
At this time there was still a large amount of state control over the economy with government subsidies for certain industries such as agriculture or manufacturing; this led to inefficient allocation of resources which resulted in low productivity levels overall compared to other European countries at that time. In addition to this there was also a lack of foreign investment due to political instability which hindered economic growth even further.
Overall, it can be seen that by 1995 Belarus had a largely agricultural-based economy with significant state intervention leading to low productivity levels compared to its European counterparts; however it did have some success exporting certain goods such as machinery or textiles due its close proximity to Russia (its main trading partner).
Foreign Policy of Belarus
In 1995, Belarus had just emerged from the collapse of the Soviet Union and was still in transition from its former status as a republic within the Soviet Union to an independent nation. As such, its foreign policy was largely focused on maintaining strong ties with Russia while also seeking to forge new relationships with other countries around the world.
The main focus of Belarus’ foreign policy in 1995 was to maintain good relations with Russia, its largest neighbor and former imperial ruler. This included strengthening economic ties and cooperation in trade, investment, and energy production. Belarus also sought to join various regional organizations such as the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) and the Eurasian Economic Community (EAEC).
At the same time, Belarus also sought to build stronger ties with other countries around the world. It joined various international organizations such as the United Nations (UN), World Trade Organization (WTO), International Monetary Fund (IMF), and Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE). It also signed several treaties and agreements with other countries such as Germany, Poland, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Ukraine, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan.
In terms of military relations, Belarus maintained close ties with Russia through joint military exercises as well as arms sales agreements. It also established military cooperation agreements with other countries including China and India. In addition to this it signed several bilateral treaties on disarmament issues including a nuclear non-proliferation treaty with Ukraine in 1994.
In conclusion it can be seen that by 1995 Belarus had begun to establish itself as an independent nation state while still maintaining strong relations with Russia; it had joined various international organizations while forging new relationships with other countries around the world both militarily and economically.
Events Held in Belarus
1995 was a year of transition for Belarus. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, Belarus had to form its own independent foreign policy and forge new relationships with other countries around the world. In order to do so, Belarus held several events in 1995 that sought to promote its status as an independent nation.
In May 1995, Belarus held a conference on international security and cooperation in Minsk. The conference was attended by representatives from over 30 countries, including Russia, Ukraine, China, India, and various other nations from Europe and Asia. The purpose of this event was to discuss issues such as arms control and disarmament, non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, peacekeeping operations and conflict resolution.
Later that same month, Belarus hosted a meeting between the presidents of Russia and Ukraine in Minsk. This event focused on resolving tensions between the two countries following their disagreement over nuclear disarmament issues in 1994. As a result of this meeting, both sides agreed to sign a nuclear non-proliferation treaty as well as other agreements such as mutual security guarantees and economic cooperation initiatives.
In October 1995, Belarus held its first ever presidential election since becoming an independent nation state earlier that year. Alexander Lukashenko won the election with 80% of the vote becoming the first president of an independent Belarus since 1991. This event marked an important milestone for Belarusian democracy as it demonstrated that free and fair elections could be conducted in accordance with international standards even while transitioning from Soviet rule to independence.
Finally, in December 1995, Belarus joined several regional organizations including the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), Eurasian Economic Community (EAEC), United Nations (UN), World Trade Organization (WTO) and Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE). Through joining these organizations it showed its commitment to international cooperation and global security initiatives while also furthering its own economic interests through increased trade opportunities with other nations around the world.
Overall, it can be said that 1995 was an important year for Belarus in terms of establishing itself as an independent nation state while also forging new relationships with other countries around the world both militarily and economically through various events such as conferences, meetings between presidents, elections and joining international organizations.