Algeria 1995

According to A2ZGOV, Algeria is a North African country with a rich and varied history. With an area of 2,381,741 km2, it is the largest country in the region and the 10th largest in Africa. The population of Algeria is estimated to be over 41 million people, making it the most populous country in North Africa. The capital city of Algeria is Algiers and its official language is Arabic.

According to aceinland, the nickname for Algeria is “The White Land” due to its vast desert landscapes and white sand beaches that stretch along its Mediterranean coast. There are two major mountain ranges in Algeria: the Tell Atlas range in the north and the Saharan Atlas range in the south. To the east lies Tunisia, to the west lies Morocco, to the northwest lies Mauritania, and to the southwest lies Mali.

Algeria has a rich cultural heritage that dates back thousands of years with influences from both Berber and Arab cultures. Its cuisine is heavily influenced by Mediterranean flavors such as olive oil, garlic, tomatoes, and eggplant as well as Middle Eastern spices like cumin and cinnamon. Algerian music combines elements from both Arabic music such as Andalusian music as well as Berber music with instruments such as tablas and ouds being used commonly throughout performances.

Algeria Bordering Countries

Population of Algeria

In 1995, Algeria had a population of about 27 million people. This population was made up of a mix of different ethnicities, religions, and languages. The majority of Algeria’s population was Arab (71%) with Berbers making up the second largest group at 27%. The remaining 2% of the population was made up of other minority groups such as Jews, Europeans and Sub-Saharan Africans.

According to, the majority of Algeria’s population (99%) practiced Islam, with Sunnis making up the majority at 84%. The remaining 15% were mostly Shiites or Ibadi Muslims.

Algeria’s official language is Arabic but French is widely spoken in cities and among educated people. In addition to these two languages, there are several other local languages spoken throughout the country including Kabyle, Mzabite and Tamazight.

In terms of education, Algeria had an adult literacy rate of 64% in 1995. This rate was slightly lower for women than men (60% vs 68%, respectively). Primary school enrollment was also higher for boys than girls (93% vs 87%, respectively).

In terms of employment, the unemployment rate in Algeria in 1995 was approximately 28%. This rate was much higher for young people aged 15-24 years old (38%). The agricultural sector employed 53% of Algerians while industry employed 9%. Services accounted for the remaining 38%.

Economy of Algeria

In 1995, Algeria’s economy was heavily reliant on oil and natural gas exports which accounted for more than 90% of its export earnings. The main export partners were France, Italy, Spain and the United States. Algeria was also a major importer of machinery, transportation equipment, foodstuffs and consumer goods.

The Algerian government had a number of economic initiatives in place to help improve the country’s economy. These included reducing subsidies on basic goods such as fuel and food, devaluing the currency to make exports more competitive, and introducing a new investment law to encourage foreign investment.

Algeria also had a number of free trade agreements in place with other countries such as Morocco and Tunisia which allowed for tariff-free trade between the two countries. This helped increase Algeria’s competitiveness in international markets.

In terms of GDP per capita, Algeria had an estimated $2,800 in 1995 which was significantly lower than its neighboring countries such as Libya ($5,200) and Tunisia ($4,400). This reflected the country’s struggling economy at the time but it was still higher than other African countries such as Ethiopia ($400) or Angola ($900).

Despite these economic challenges, Algeria had made some progress over the previous decade with economic growth averaging around 5% per year between 1985-1995. However, this growth rate was not enough to keep up with population growth which led to increasing unemployment rates throughout the 1990s.

Foreign Policy of Algeria

In 1995, Algeria’s foreign policy was focused on maintaining strong ties with its Arab neighbors and the rest of Africa. The country was an active member of the Arab League and the Organisation of African Unity (OAU). It also maintained close ties with France, its former colonial ruler, and was a major supplier of oil to European countries.

Algeria also had close relations with other authoritarian regimes in the region such as Syria and Iraq. It supported the Palestinian cause and opposed Israel’s occupation of territories in Palestine. Algeria also had strong ties with Libya which it saw as a strategic partner in North Africa.

Algeria had a number of international disputes during this period including border disputes with Morocco over Western Sahara, and maritime disputes with Tunisia over fishing rights in the Mediterranean Sea. Algeria also opposed France’s nuclear testing in the South Pacific which it saw as an environmental hazard.

The country was also involved in peacekeeping missions in Africa such as Angola, Rwanda and Burundi. It also took part in UN-backed operations such as Liberia and Somalia where it provided humanitarian assistance to those affected by civil war or natural disasters.

Overall, Algeria’s foreign policy during this period was focused on strengthening its relations with other Arab states while maintaining good diplomatic relations with Europe and other countries around the world. This helped maintain stability for both Algeria and its neighbors while allowing for economic growth through increased trade links between countries.

Events Held in Algeria

In 1995, Algeria hosted a number of important events. In March, the country held its first-ever Arab League Summit in Algiers. This summit was attended by leaders from all Arab states and focused on regional cooperation and peace initiatives. Later that year, Algeria hosted the International Conference on Population and Development which aimed to address population growth issues in the region.

In May, the country hosted the Organization of African Unity (OAU) Summit in Oran. The summit focused on strengthening ties between African nations and increasing economic cooperation.

In June, Algeria also hosted a meeting of the Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) which aimed to stabilize global oil prices. This meeting was attended by representatives from all OPEC member states as well as other countries such as Russia and Mexico.

Later that year, Algeria also held its first-ever World Water Forum which focused on water management issues in Africa and around the world. The forum was attended by experts from various countries and organizations including the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).

Finally, in December 1995 Algeria held its first-ever International Film Festival which showcased films from around the world including those made by Algerian filmmakers. The festival was attended by artists from across North Africa as well as Europe and helped promote cultural exchange between countries in the region.


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